Mary Stuart

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Mary Stuart: Bloody Mary

Stuart or Stewart, Mary:

see Mary Queen of ScotsMary Queen of Scots
(Mary Stuart), 1542–87, only child of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. Through her grandmother Margaret Tudor, Mary had the strongest claim to the throne of England after the children of Henry VIII.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mary Stuart


Born Dec. 7 or 8, 1542, in Linlithgow, Scotland; died Feb. 8, 1587, in the castle at Fotheringhay, England. Scottish queen from 1542 (in actuality from 1561) to 1567.

Mary lived in France from 1548 to 1561. In 1558 she became the wife of the French dauphin (who became King Francis II in 1559). After being widowed, she returned to Scotland in 1561. She also declared her claims to the English throne (as great-granddaughter of the English king Henry VII). Her attempts to consolidate her authority in Scotland, relying for support on the Catholic aristocracy, aroused the dissatisfaction of the Scottish Calvinists; this became apparent in an uprising in 1567. Accused of participation in the murder of her second husband, Lord Darnley, she was forced in 1567 to renounce the throne in favor of her son (Scottish king James VI; English king James I from 1603) and, in 1568, to flee to England. By order of the English queen Elizabeth I, she was imprisoned. In England she became in effect the center of attention for the most reactionary forces of the English feudal aristocracy in their struggle with Elizabeth’s government. After the exposure of a whole series of Catholic conspiracies against Elizabeth in which Mary was involved, she was tried and executed. Her execution marked a serious defeat for the European Catholic reaction. Mary’s life, full of dramatic events, served many writers (F. Schiller, S. Zweig, et al.) as a theme for literary works, in which she is, as a rule, highly idealized.


Henderson, T. F. Mary Queen of Scots, vols. 1-2. London, 1905.
Philippson, M. Histoire du regne de Maria Stuart, vols. 1-3. Paris, 1891-92.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The film's highlight comes toward the end when an imagined royal face-off ('confrontation scene,' we like to say in the Philippines) between Mary Stuart and Queen Elizabeth I (Margot Robbie, in heavy white makeup to cover her character's small pox scars), takes place.
Looking back Queen of the South 1948 Mary Stuart was presented with flowers by Lisa Rowe
Gesturing toward the historical reawakening Michael Field dramatizes in The Tragic Mary, an awakening only possible through the closeness they share with Mary Stuart, the fictional ballads that the queen sings re-create nostalgic reveries that allow a transference of expressive emotion.
"We're so happy to have Mary Stuart Masterson back and to finally have a supportive FBI Director around," he said.
Mary Stuart's opposition to Elizabeth I was deeply founded on religious beliefs.
Katara, the Cultural Village will present from today the critically acclaimed and award nominated play, Mary Stuart by Friedrich Schiller, which depicts the last days of Mary Queen of Scots.
This binary--positing Elizabeth as writer par excellence and Mary Stuart as silent foil--is sustained within current accounts of female sovereign authorship in the field of early modern women's writing.
Mary, Queen of Scots (or Mary Stuart) ruled Scotland from December 1542 to July 1567.
Professor Mary Stuart, vice-chancellor of Lincoln University, said: "Lincoln is in the top quartile of all universities for student satisfaction and this decision will allow the university to continue to grow and enhance the student experience for the benefit of all of our community."
The Tudors encompassed an exciting time and place in which well-known names such as Henry VIII, Mary Stuart, queen of Scots, William Shakespeare, and Sir Thomas Moore lived and breathed and changed the world.