Mary of Modena


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Mary of Modena

(mŏd`ĭnə), 1658–1718, queen consort of James IIJames II,
1633–1701, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685–88); second son of Charles I, brother and successor of Charles II. Early Life
..... Click the link for more information.
 of England; daughter of Alfonso IV, duke of Modena. Her marriage (1673) to James, then duke of York, was brought about through the influence of Louis XIV of France. Mary was a devout Roman Catholic and therefore unpopular in Protestant England. When she bore a son in 1688, it was widely rumored that this Catholic heir to the throne was a changeling, and fear of a Catholic succession precipitated the Glorious RevolutionGlorious Revolution,
in English history, the events of 1688–89 that resulted in the deposition of James II and the accession of William III and Mary II to the English throne. It is also called the Bloodless Revolution.
..... Click the link for more information.
 that overthrew James II. Mary fled to France with her son, James Francis Edward StuartStuart or Stewart, James Francis Edward,
1688–1766, claimant to the British throne, son of James II and Mary of Modena; called the Old Pretender.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and worked tirelessly to advance his claims to the English throne (see JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
..... Click the link for more information.
).
References in periodicals archive ?
It is thought this practice began in 1688, when dozens of officials watched Mary of Modena, wife of James II, give birth to a son, to stamp out rumours that Mary was not really pregnant and that the baby was to be smuggled into the room in a bedpan.
The birth drew a huge crowd because many doubted that the King's wife Mary of Modena was really pregnant.
James II is known to have visited the well with his wife Mary of Modena during 1686 and Princess Victoria, staying in Holywell, visited the Well in 1828.
Ten years later, he appointed young Sarah a maid of honour to his second wife, Mary of Modena.
Her book concludes with the popular literature dealing with the "birth" of a baby boy to Queen Mary of Modena, wife of James II, a fearful event to the Protestants.
The likelihood that the bed is associated with the Duke of York's second marriage, to Mary of Modena, is strengthened by the survival in the Victoria and Albert Museum of the suit said to have been worn by the Duke at the wedding ceremony on 21 November 1673 at Dover (Fig.
There seems to be nothing to record either of his marriages, first to Anne Hyde or his second wife Mary of Modena.
They were James II and Mary of Modena, who visited Holywell on 29 August 1686, when Mary of Modena offered to the shrine part of the shift worn by Mary Queen of Scots at her execution.
Most of them, being Jacobites, concentrated their energies on Mary of Modena who provided a strong emotional center, as mother, supporter of her husband, and exile, and as Barash points out, Mary II takes on a doubly unattractive role as the disrespectful daughter who takes away her father's crown and the overly accommodating wife who ban& it over to her husband (213).
It is now clear why Roger North concealed Prendcourt's name on the copy of the tracts that he sent to a friend:(44) North was a Jacobite, and continued secretly to work as Attorney-General for Mary of Modena after her exile to Saint-Germain-en-Laye.
Having been appointed, at the age of 21, maid of honour to Mary of Modena, the future wife of James II, she (and her husband) remained loyal to James when he was forced into exile by the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and were among the Nonjurors who refused to take the oath of allegiance to the new monarchs William and Mary.
On June 10, 1688, Mary of Modena (1658-1718), queen of England, gave birth to a son.