Masaoka Shiki


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Masaoka Shiki
Birthday
BirthplaceMatsuyama, Ehime, Japan
Died
Occupation
Writer, Journalist

Shiki, Masaoka:

see Masaoka ShikiMasaoka Shiki
, 1867–1902, Japanese waka and haiku poet. Founder of the literary magazine Hototogisu and patron to a number of young poets, Shiki played a leading role in the revival of the traditional waka and haiku forms.
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Masaoka Shiki

(mä`sä`ō`kä shē`kē), 1867–1902, Japanese waka and haiku poet. Founder of the literary magazine Hototogisu and patron to a number of young poets, Shiki played a leading role in the revival of the traditional waka and haiku forms. He advocated a realistic, descriptive poetic style, which he regarded as the original spirit of Japanese verse, and his poetic treatises greatly influenced the Japanese literary world in its quest to define modern Japanese modes of expression. Although Shiki's poor health rendered him bedridden in his later years, he maintained an active literary career until his premature death of spinal tuberculosis.

Masaoka Shiki

 

(pseudonym of Masaoka Tsunenori). Born Sept. 17, 1867, in Matsuyama; died Sept. 19, 1902, in Tokyo. Japanese poet and theoretician of verse.

Masaoka studied in the department of Japanese philology at the University of Tokyo. He began to appear in print in 1885. In his theoretical works, Conversations of Dassaishooku About Haiku (1893), Principles of Haiku (1895), and Epistle to the Tanka Poets (1898), Masaoka called for a revitalization of the traditional forms of Japanese poetry, tanka and haiku. In 1898 he began to publish the journal Hototogisu (The Cuckoo), around which the proponents of the new poetry grouped themselves. Masaoka’s verses of 1885-96 became part of the five-volume collection Winter Mountains and Naked Trees (1925), which reflected the author’s artistic evolution from the traditional style to realistic poetry.

Masaoka’s innovative approach manifested itself in his truthful depiction of human experiences and realistic perception of nature. He exerted a profound influence on the development of modern Japanese poetry.

WORKS

Masaoka Shiki zenshu, vols. 1-22. Tokyo, 1929-31.
In Russian translation:
In Iaponskaia poeziia. Moscow, 1956.

REFERENCES

Istoriia sovremennoi iaponskoi literatury. Moscow, 1961.
Grigor’eva, T., and V. Logunova. Iaponskaia literatura, Moscow, 1964.
Samukawa Sokotsu. Masaoka Shiki-no sekai. Tokyo, 1956.

K. REKHO

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References in periodicals archive ?
Las severas criticas que el joven poeta Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902) presento contra su obra y su concepcion de la poesia no tuvieron otro efecto que el de volver todavia mas fascinante su figura entre el publico y entre los escribanos que lo hicieron un artista marginal, perseguido por la sociedad.
For example, the authors on whom Jacobowitz's textual analysis relies, Masaoka Shiki and Natsume Soseki, frequently exchanged letters (collected in Soseki zenshu, vol.
Antes de abordar los poemas de Basho es necesario aclarar primero que el termino haiku, usado en los tiempos actuales, fue creado a principios del siglo xx por Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), poeta y critico literario.
A frog jumps in the old pondwater's splash Ryu Yotsuya remarked: "More than anything, Basho's literature is characterized by the fact that, the more he describes people's deeds, the more he highlights the fragility of the human being, and this makes us aware of the splendor of the power of nature." (1) Matsuo Basho had many disciples, but the famous ones known under the global name of jittetsu are: Yosa Buson (1716-1783), Kobayashi Issa (1763-1827), Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902) etc.
It was an eye-opening event for me to meet people who spoke about Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902) and Matsuo Basho (1644-1694) as their own haiku masters, and wrote haiku in English.
It was only after the haiku reformer Masaoka Shiki [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1867-1902) published a manifesto in 1886 that the modern haiku slowly started to take a more prominent place among the new literature.
Inspired by his friend Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), on modernized the haiku-genre.
Fue darme vuelta y el hombre que cruzaba se hizo niebla Masaoka Shiki (Japon 1867-1902).
El termino, acunado por su amigo Masaoka Shiki, designaba al equivalente en prosa del shasei, un nuevo tipo de haiku; literalmente "pintura con palabras", cabria tal vez traducido como "esbozo del natural", pero advirtiendo que no se trata de una forma de naturalismo y que el acento esta puesto, en cambio, en la economia de los trazos.
1962) of the tanka form as a net "that filters the disorder of experience." The selection of poets includes such towering figures in the creation of modern Japanese tanka as Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), Yosano Akiko (1878-1942), Saito Mokichi (1882-1953), and Ishikawa Takuboku (1886-1912).
Other outstanding haiku masters were Buson in the 18th century, Kobayashi Issa in the 18th and 19th centuries, and Masaoka Shiki in the late 19th century.
The latest revival was begun by Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), haiku poet and novelist, in the 1890's.