Masaoka Shiki

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Masaoka Shiki
BirthplaceMatsuyama, Ehime, Japan
Writer, Journalist

Masaoka Shiki

(mä`sä`ō`kä shē`kē), 1867–1902, Japanese waka and haiku poet. Founder of the literary magazine Hototogisu and patron to a number of young poets, Shiki played a leading role in the revival of the traditional waka and haiku forms. He advocated a realistic, descriptive poetic style, which he regarded as the original spirit of Japanese verse, and his poetic treatises greatly influenced the Japanese literary world in its quest to define modern Japanese modes of expression. Although Shiki's poor health rendered him bedridden in his later years, he maintained an active literary career until his premature death of spinal tuberculosis.

Shiki, Masaoka:

see Masaoka ShikiMasaoka Shiki
, 1867–1902, Japanese waka and haiku poet. Founder of the literary magazine Hototogisu and patron to a number of young poets, Shiki played a leading role in the revival of the traditional waka and haiku forms.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Masaoka Shiki


(pseudonym of Masaoka Tsunenori). Born Sept. 17, 1867, in Matsuyama; died Sept. 19, 1902, in Tokyo. Japanese poet and theoretician of verse.

Masaoka studied in the department of Japanese philology at the University of Tokyo. He began to appear in print in 1885. In his theoretical works, Conversations of Dassaishooku About Haiku (1893), Principles of Haiku (1895), and Epistle to the Tanka Poets (1898), Masaoka called for a revitalization of the traditional forms of Japanese poetry, tanka and haiku. In 1898 he began to publish the journal Hototogisu (The Cuckoo), around which the proponents of the new poetry grouped themselves. Masaoka’s verses of 1885-96 became part of the five-volume collection Winter Mountains and Naked Trees (1925), which reflected the author’s artistic evolution from the traditional style to realistic poetry.

Masaoka’s innovative approach manifested itself in his truthful depiction of human experiences and realistic perception of nature. He exerted a profound influence on the development of modern Japanese poetry.


Masaoka Shiki zenshu, vols. 1-22. Tokyo, 1929-31.
In Russian translation:
In Iaponskaia poeziia. Moscow, 1956.


Istoriia sovremennoi iaponskoi literatury. Moscow, 1961.
Grigor’eva, T., and V. Logunova. Iaponskaia literatura, Moscow, 1964.
Samukawa Sokotsu. Masaoka Shiki-no sekai. Tokyo, 1956.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the authors on whom Jacobowitz's textual analysis relies, Masaoka Shiki and Natsume Soseki, frequently exchanged letters (collected in Soseki zenshu, vol.
A frog jumps in the old pondwater's splash Ryu Yotsuya remarked: "More than anything, Basho's literature is characterized by the fact that, the more he describes people's deeds, the more he highlights the fragility of the human being, and this makes us aware of the splendor of the power of nature." (1) Matsuo Basho had many disciples, but the famous ones known under the global name of jittetsu are: Yosa Buson (1716-1783), Kobayashi Issa (1763-1827), Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902) etc.
It was an eye-opening event for me to meet people who spoke about Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902) and Matsuo Basho (1644-1694) as their own haiku masters, and wrote haiku in English.
It was only after the haiku reformer Masaoka Shiki [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1867-1902) published a manifesto in 1886 that the modern haiku slowly started to take a more prominent place among the new literature.
Inspired by his friend Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), on modernized the haiku-genre.
1962) of the tanka form as a net "that filters the disorder of experience." The selection of poets includes such towering figures in the creation of modern Japanese tanka as Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), Yosano Akiko (1878-1942), Saito Mokichi (1882-1953), and Ishikawa Takuboku (1886-1912).
Other outstanding haiku masters were Buson in the 18th century, Kobayashi Issa in the 18th and 19th centuries, and Masaoka Shiki in the late 19th century.
The latest revival was begun by Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), haiku poet and novelist, in the 1890's.