Mascarene Islands

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Mascarene Islands

(măskərēn`), in the Indian Ocean, E of Madagascar. They include MauritiusMauritius
, officially Republic of Mauritius, republic (2015 est. pop. 1,259,000), 790 sq mi (2,046 sq km), in the SW Indian Ocean. It is part of the Mascarene Islands, c.500 mi (800 km) E of Madagascar.
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, RéunionRéunion
, island and overseas department of France (2015 est. pop. 863,000), c.970 sq mi (2,510 sq km), one of the Mascarene Islands, in the Indian Ocean c.430 mi (690 km) E of Madagascar. Saint-Denis (the capital) and Le Port (the leading port) are the chief cities.
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, and RodriguezRodriguez
or Rodrigues
, island (1996 est. pop. 34,883), 42 sq mi (109 sq km), in the Indian Ocean, c.350 mi (560 km) E of Mauritius, of which it is a dependency. One of the Mascarene Islands, it is surrounded by coral reef. Port Mathurin is the chief town.
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. Apparently known to the Arabs, they were rediscovered by the Portuguese at the beginning of the 16th cent. The islands are named for Pedro Mascarenhas, who visited them c.1512.

Mascarene Islands

 

a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, east of the island of Madagascar. The group consists of three large islands: Reunion (a French possession), Mauritius, and Rodriguez (both part of the independent state of Mauritius). They are composed of volcanic rock and have elevations to 3,069 (on Reunion). There are active volcanos on the Mascarene Islands. The climate is tropical, trade-wind, and damp. The wind-ward slopes of the mountains have areas of evergreen tropical forests; on the leeward slopes there is savanna. The islands have sugarcane, coconut palm, tea, aloe, coffee, and vanilla plantations. The first European to reach the islands was the Portuguese Pedro de Mascarenhas in 1507.

References in periodicals archive ?
(19) Port Louis functioned not only as the commercial heart of the Mascarene trade, but also as a refreshment stop for slavers bound to the Americas and a base from which slaving ventures to Mozambique and the Swahili Coast and thence to the Caribbean were mounted (Allen, 2014, p.
It is some 90,000 square kilometres of shallow waters, known as the Mascarene Ridge or Plateau, bound by Madagascar to the east and an arc of islands from the Seychelles in the north to Mauritius in the south.
Robert was born in Saint-Benoit on the east coast of Reunion, which is part of the Mascarene Islands that include Mauritius.
infect passerine birds on Aldabra (Lowery 1974), but haemoproteids are rare on the Mascarene Islands (Pierce et al.
Samples of Lethrinus mahsena were obtained during excursions of the Mauritian mothership-dory vessels on Nazareth Bank of the Mascarene Ridge (15 [degrees] S, 61 [degrees] E).
Slavery in the Mascarene Islands became a subject of increasing scholarly interest during the 1990s.
Plant dispersal in fragmented landscapes: A field study of woody colonization in rainforest remnants of the Mascarene Archipelago.
White-coated waiters served delectable dishes on white tablecloths but for me it was all a culinary waste: Mascarene currents had turned my face the colour of the waiters' and tables' coverings.
Within this range, the majority of species are found on islands in the southwest Indian Ocean, including Madagascar, the Seychelles, Mascarene, and Comoros Islands [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED].
From the Deccan Traps, the hotspotfirst created the Laccadive-Maldive-Chagos Ridge and later the Mascarene Plateau.
The batholith and associated Silurian volcanic and sedimentary rocks of the Mascarene belt are situated along the boundary between Precambrian Ganderian basement rocks of the New River and Brookville belts to the southeast and Ganderian passive margin Cambrian-Ordovician sedimentary rocks of the St.