Mascarene Islands


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Related to Mascarene Islands: Reunion Island

Mascarene Islands

(măskərēn`), in the Indian Ocean, E of Madagascar. They include MauritiusMauritius
, officially Republic of Mauritius, republic (2015 est. pop. 1,259,000), 790 sq mi (2,046 sq km), in the SW Indian Ocean. It is part of the Mascarene Islands, c.500 mi (800 km) E of Madagascar.
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, RéunionRéunion
, island and overseas department of France (2015 est. pop. 863,000), c.970 sq mi (2,510 sq km), one of the Mascarene Islands, in the Indian Ocean c.430 mi (690 km) E of Madagascar. Saint-Denis (the capital) and Le Port (the leading port) are the chief cities.
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, and RodriguezRodriguez
or Rodrigues
, island (1996 est. pop. 34,883), 42 sq mi (109 sq km), in the Indian Ocean, c.350 mi (560 km) E of Mauritius, of which it is a dependency. One of the Mascarene Islands, it is surrounded by coral reef. Port Mathurin is the chief town.
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. Apparently known to the Arabs, they were rediscovered by the Portuguese at the beginning of the 16th cent. The islands are named for Pedro Mascarenhas, who visited them c.1512.

Mascarene Islands

 

a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, east of the island of Madagascar. The group consists of three large islands: Reunion (a French possession), Mauritius, and Rodriguez (both part of the independent state of Mauritius). They are composed of volcanic rock and have elevations to 3,069 (on Reunion). There are active volcanos on the Mascarene Islands. The climate is tropical, trade-wind, and damp. The wind-ward slopes of the mountains have areas of evergreen tropical forests; on the leeward slopes there is savanna. The islands have sugarcane, coconut palm, tea, aloe, coffee, and vanilla plantations. The first European to reach the islands was the Portuguese Pedro de Mascarenhas in 1507.

References in periodicals archive ?
Glomeremus (Figs 1-3) is the largest gryllacridid genus in Africa, with a total of 18 species spread across sub-Saharan Africa and some Mascarene Islands. Six species and subspecies are known from southern Africa.
This new platform will also enable JCDecaux to offer its customers even greater coverage throughout France, while strengthening its presence on the Mascarene Islands by creating a high-quality advertising network covering Mauritius and Runion Islands.
The geographic areas with the most sites records were Fiji (27), Hawaii (20), Madagascar (12), the Seychelles (12), and the Mascarene Islands (11).
According to historical and geographical parameters, the prolific literary production of these territories can be divided into two sections: the first includes that from Madagascar and the Comoros Islands; the second, that of the Mascarene Islands (the Republic of Mauritius and the islands under its dominion) and Reunion (which is still, like Mayotte, a French Department overseas).
Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean situated off the south east coast of the African continent and forms part of the Mascarene Islands, which include the neighbouring islands inter alia, Saint Brandon and Rodrigues.
Cirrhitops mascarenensis, a new species of hawkfish from the Mascarene Islands, southwestern Indian Ocean.
For years, travel writers have lavished praise on the oldest of the Mascarene Islands, often quoting US author, Mark Twain from his 1897 travelogue, Following the Equator: "You gather the idea that Mauritius was made first, and then heaven; and that heaven was copied after Mauritius."
The situation in the Mascarene Islands (Mauritius and Reunion) was as follows: as slaves disembarked in the Mascarene Islands they were distributed among the various plantation-owners.
My parents are about to sell their company too cheap," an MBA student whose family owns a medical equipment distribution company on the Mascarene Islands once told me.
Some of these "alternative" islands have endemic genera with a relatively high number of species that have exploited different ecosystems [e.g., Brachyglottis, with 30 species in New Zealand (Wagstaff & Breitwieser, 2004), Hubertia, with 25 species in Madagascar, Comoros and Mascarene Islands (Nordenstam, 2007)].