Mascarene Islands

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Mascarene Islands

(măskərēn`), in the Indian Ocean, E of Madagascar. They include MauritiusMauritius
, officially Republic of Mauritius, republic (2015 est. pop. 1,259,000), 790 sq mi (2,046 sq km), in the SW Indian Ocean. It is part of the Mascarene Islands, c.500 mi (800 km) E of Madagascar.
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, RéunionRéunion
, island and overseas department of France (2015 est. pop. 863,000), c.970 sq mi (2,510 sq km), one of the Mascarene Islands, in the Indian Ocean c.430 mi (690 km) E of Madagascar. Saint-Denis (the capital) and Le Port (the leading port) are the chief cities.
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, and RodriguezRodriguez
or Rodrigues
, island (1996 est. pop. 34,883), 42 sq mi (109 sq km), in the Indian Ocean, c.350 mi (560 km) E of Mauritius, of which it is a dependency. One of the Mascarene Islands, it is surrounded by coral reef. Port Mathurin is the chief town.
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. Apparently known to the Arabs, they were rediscovered by the Portuguese at the beginning of the 16th cent. The islands are named for Pedro Mascarenhas, who visited them c.1512.

Mascarene Islands

 

a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, east of the island of Madagascar. The group consists of three large islands: Reunion (a French possession), Mauritius, and Rodriguez (both part of the independent state of Mauritius). They are composed of volcanic rock and have elevations to 3,069 (on Reunion). There are active volcanos on the Mascarene Islands. The climate is tropical, trade-wind, and damp. The wind-ward slopes of the mountains have areas of evergreen tropical forests; on the leeward slopes there is savanna. The islands have sugarcane, coconut palm, tea, aloe, coffee, and vanilla plantations. The first European to reach the islands was the Portuguese Pedro de Mascarenhas in 1507.

References in periodicals archive ?
African women enslaved in the Mascarenes and other parts of the Red Sea and Indian Ocean were also used to multiethnic societies.
Hawai'i, the Mascarenes (until 1611), the islands of the South Pacific, Chile, southern Brazil and much of the northeast seaboard of North America were slow to be colonised or remained imperial backwaters whose future development was largely determined by a very different set of historical factors.
--Shell larger, adult length >3.0 mm; spire profile more trochiform; peripheral cord not enlarged or conspicuously serrate; Mascarene Islands stictum
Pseudanthias cooperi: Randall & Anderson 1993: 14 (record of 6 specimens from Maldives); Debelius 1993: 104 (underwater photographs; distribution given as East Africa, Mascarenes, Maldives, but not in the Red Sea or Arabian Sea); Winterbottom & Anderson 1997: 7 (new record for Chagos Islands); Terashima et al.
"Islands will also gives us a great opportunity to showcase our conservation programmes and activities in Sumatra, Madagascar, Mascarenes, Philippines and Indonesia where we have a real impact on conserving nature.
The Mascarenes with their compacted histories of slavery, colonialism and indenture become emblematic of the larger movements and flows in the Indian Ocean world.
Mascarenes Dredging & Management Services, which was awarded the dredging contract, has already begun to use its TSHD Pallieter dredger in Maputo harbour, as part of a project that is supported by Mozambique's state-owned rail and port operator Portos e Caminhos de Ferro de Mocambique (CFM).
He rejects the notion of subaltern monolingualism and argues rather convincingly that the people of Madagascar continued to speak Malagasy in the Mascarenes and formed social networks based on their common language and ethnicity even in the post-emancipation period.
Oscar Mascarenes, director of the BA Voice & Dance said the research struck a personal chord with him.
It was an ignominious trend that likewise took place in many parts of the world, including the Mascarenes (the group of islands in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar which includes Mauritius and Reunion).