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see BantuBantu
, ethnic and linguistic group of Africa, numbering about 120 million. The Bantu inhabit most of the continent S of the Congo River except the extreme southwest. The classification is primarily linguistic, and there are almost a hundred Bantu languages, including Luganda,
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a people living mainly in Southern Rhodesia and also in the neighboring regions of Mozambique. Total population, more than 3.2 million (1970, estimate). The Mashona speak Shona, a language that belongs to the Bantu language family. Most of the Mashona adhere to local traditional beliefs (ancestor worship, worship of natural forces), and the remainder are Christians (Protestants, Catholics). The Mashona achieved a high level of development long before the arrival of the Europeans: they played a leading role in the creation of the Zimbabwe culture and the political unification of the Monomotapa. Their chief occupation is farming (millet, corn, sorghum, legumes), with some cattle breeding. In the late 19th century the lands of the Mashona were seized by the colonialists, and the Mashona have been forced to live on reservations and earn their living by working in the cities and mines.


Ksenofontova, N. A. “Mashona: Traditsionnye sotsial’nye sviazi v obshchine.” In Sotsial’nye struktury dokolonial’noi Afriki. Moscow, 1970. (With bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[4] reported that Mashona cattle were more resistant to ticks and had high calving and weaning rate under marginal environmental conditions characterising most smallholder areas when compared to some exotic breeds.
For (1467) Mashona the motion amounted to 0.039 arcsec/min as obtained from the Minor Planet Center's Ephemeris Service, (12) and the FWHM was 4 arcsec giving a total duration of 4/0.039 = 102 min, therefore trailing would not pose a problem using a sequence of 5 images obtained over a 5-minute interval.
Sharing a common culture and speaking related tongues, these peoples were later classified by ethnologists as Shona (Mashona), speaking Chishona languages.
TOP SEED Maria Sharapova defended her AIG Japan Open title last night by thrashing unseeded Mashona Washington 6-0, 6-1.
Kusina NT, Chinuwo T, Hamudikuwanda H, Ndlovu LR, Muzanenhamo S (2001) Effect of different dietary energy level intakcs on efficiency of estrus synchronization and fertility in Mashona goat does.
(43) Here, famous successes included that of the free-lance trader Antonio Caiado, who managed to persuade the King of Monomotapa to appoint him to the important and lucrative post of "Captain of the Gates" to the gold-fields at Mashona. John Day has tried to explain this thirst as arising from the "gold famine" of late medieval European society, but the truth is that silver was as much of a motivation as gold in the minds of Portuguese explorers.
Cripps spent most of his life championing the rights of the native Mashona people, and was also a talented poet.
Top-seeded Alina Jidkova of Russia needed three sets to outlast Mashona Washington 6-7 (5), 6-4, 7-5 in one of 12 first-round matches played at the BMW of Eugene USTA Women's $50,000 Challenger at the Eugene Swim & Tennis Club on Wednesday.
Today, his property is a 15,000-acre (6,000-hectare) ranch of mid- to tall-grass prairie that supports about 350 head of Mashona cattle.
The formally educated protagonist Sam is a self-described "hard Mashona type," which makes him like the family dog Sango, who is neither an African dog (which is "a little less than" a dog) nor a European dog (which is "more than a dog"), but rather a "suburban African dog in an aspiring middle-class household." The story is about the estrangement that results from living between categories; like his dog, Sam "has a bit of each in him and yet is really none of these types." This sort of estrangement and alienation recurs throughout Can We Talk and Other Stories, but always in fresh, powerful, and carefully crafted forms.
For instance, when the Mashona see a Black person and a white person walking together, they would normally say, Hona munhu uyo ari kufamba nomurungu (There is a munhu walking with a white man).