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see BantuBantu
, ethnic and linguistic group of Africa, numbering about 120 million. The Bantu inhabit most of the continent S of the Congo River except the extreme southwest. The classification is primarily linguistic, and there are almost a hundred Bantu languages, including Luganda,
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a people living mainly in Southern Rhodesia and also in the neighboring regions of Mozambique. Total population, more than 3.2 million (1970, estimate). The Mashona speak Shona, a language that belongs to the Bantu language family. Most of the Mashona adhere to local traditional beliefs (ancestor worship, worship of natural forces), and the remainder are Christians (Protestants, Catholics). The Mashona achieved a high level of development long before the arrival of the Europeans: they played a leading role in the creation of the Zimbabwe culture and the political unification of the Monomotapa. Their chief occupation is farming (millet, corn, sorghum, legumes), with some cattle breeding. In the late 19th century the lands of the Mashona were seized by the colonialists, and the Mashona have been forced to live on reservations and earn their living by working in the cities and mines.


Ksenofontova, N. A. “Mashona: Traditsionnye sotsial’nye sviazi v obshchine.” In Sotsial’nye struktury dokolonial’noi Afriki. Moscow, 1970. (With bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
4] reported that Mashona cattle were more resistant to ticks and had high calving and weaning rate under marginal environmental conditions characterising most smallholder areas when compared to some exotic breeds.
Calculation of V magnitude for asteroid (1467) Mashona Col.
TOP SEED Maria Sharapova defended her AIG Japan Open title last night by thrashing unseeded Mashona Washington 6-0, 6-1.
Kusina NT, Chinuwo T, Hamudikuwanda H, Ndlovu LR, Muzanenhamo S (2001) Effect of different dietary energy level intakcs on efficiency of estrus synchronization and fertility in Mashona goat does.
43) Here, famous successes included that of the free-lance trader Antonio Caiado, who managed to persuade the King of Monomotapa to appoint him to the important and lucrative post of "Captain of the Gates" to the gold-fields at Mashona.
Cripps spent most of his life championing the rights of the native Mashona people, and was also a talented poet.
Top-seeded Alina Jidkova of Russia needed three sets to outlast Mashona Washington 6-7 (5), 6-4, 7-5 in one of 12 first-round matches played at the BMW of Eugene USTA Women's $50,000 Challenger at the Eugene Swim & Tennis Club on Wednesday.
Today, his property is a 15,000-acre (6,000-hectare) ranch of mid- to tall-grass prairie that supports about 350 head of Mashona cattle.
The formally educated protagonist Sam is a self-described "hard Mashona type," which makes him like the family dog Sango, who is neither an African dog (which is "a little less than" a dog) nor a European dog (which is "more than a dog"), but rather a "suburban African dog in an aspiring middle-class household.
For instance, when the Mashona see a Black person and a white person walking together, they would normally say, Hona munhu uyo ari kufamba nomurungu (There is a munhu walking with a white man).
ehanda is a story about three people: a black Mashona boy, a half-Chinese/half- Mashona girl, and a white Rhodesian boy, all of the same age.