Al-Aqsa Mosque

(redirected from Masjid Al Aqsa)
Enlarge picture
Located in Jerusalem, the Al-Aqsa Mosque sits on land that is associated with miracles involving both Muhammad and Abraham. It is therefore regarded as holy land to both Muslims and Jews.AFP/Getty Images.

Al-Aqsa Mosque (Jerusalem)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The Al-Aqsa Mosque is the most holy site for Muslims in Jerusalem and one of the most holy of places for all Islam. Its origin relates to a famous supernatural event in Muhammad’s life, the so-called Night Journey or Al-Isra wa Al-Miraj. One evening he was visited by the angel Gabriel (from whom he was receiving the Qur’an). He led Muhammad to a spirit horse (buraq), which carried him to Jerusalem. Here he met, among others, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. In their presence, he offered a prayer to Allah.

While in the city, he had three dishes placed in front of him that contained, respectively, water, wine, and milk. Muhammad refused the water, knowing that if he chose it the Muslims would drown, and he declined the wine as it would mean Islam would leave the true path. He instead chose the milk, indicating the Muslim community would follow Allah’s true religion. Gabriel confirmed his choice. Muhammad next visited heaven, where he met and talked with Allah before returning to Mecca.

The meeting with the prophets, the prayer, and the drinking of milk are all believed to have occurred on Temple Mount in Jerusalem at the spot currently occupied by the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Muhammad’s presence in this place is further confirmed by the hoof print his horse left in a rock as it lifted Muhammad to heaven. Additionally, some believe the rock attempted to go to heaven with Muhammad and was pushed back into place by Gabriel, who left a handprint in it.

Following the capture of Jerusalem by the Caliph Omar in 638 CE, attention was immediately focused on the Temple Mount. The first spot marked by a building was the rock from which Muhammad was believed to have been lifted to heaven. That same rock, in the center of what is known as the Dome of the Rock, is also believed to be the axis of the world, the spot from which creation began and at which the final trumpet, ending history as we know it, will sound.

The original building on the site where Muhammad offered prayer was completed by Omar soon after the Dome of the Rock was dedicated. It was then rebuilt in the eighth century by the Caliph El-Walid.

Muslim presence in Jerusalem grew slowly, and in the eleventh century the Muslim rulers decided to Islamize the city by pushing the Christians out. In the process, a number of Christian churches were destroyed. Christian crusaders took thecity in 1099, and those Muslims who survived the attacks were sold into slavery. Muslims were largely denied access to the Temple Mount until 1187, when Saladin (1138–1193) retook the city. Jerusalem then remained in Muslim hands (except for a few years in the thirteenth century) until 1917, when the British took control.

The Temple Mount is now surrounded by a wall that predates Muslim presence in the city but essentially marks its most sacred area. This area of the city is off-limits to non-Muslims on Fridays and major Muslim holidays. The major conflict is with Jewish believers who believe the rock in the center of the Dome of the Rock is the place where Abraham bound Isaac and prepared to sacrifice him (Genesis 22). The major Christian sites are close by, but outside the wall.

Sources:

Cragg, Kenneth. The Dome and the Rock, Jerusalem Studies in Islam. London: SPCK, 1964.
Graber, Oleg. The Shape of the Holy: Early Islamic Jerusalem. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Landay, Jerry M., and the Editors of the Newsweek Book Division. The Dome of the Rock. New York: Newsweek, 1976.
Peters, F. E. Jerusalem and Mecca: The Typology of the Holy City in the Near East. New York: New York University Press, 1986.
References in periodicals archive ?
And in the West Bank, the two holy sites of Muslims exist as Masjid Al Aqsa and Temple Mount.
Criticising other political leaders, Haq said there was no protest by the leadership when Masjid al Aqsa was taken over by the Israelis and the objective of the political leadership is to only work for their own benefit.
Alama Hashim Mosvi Provincial chief of MWM said, the decision has cleared US's bigotry position against Muslim world, "Now it is time to be united against US and Israel against Anti-Muslim behavior and we will protect Masjid al Aqsa (Qibla e Awal).
However, according to the legend, it was Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) who requested the Almighty to change the prayer direction from Masjid Al Aqsa in Jerusalem to Masjid Al Haram in Mecca.
The West Bank barrier and the confiscation of the Palestinian lands, the confiscation of the Palestinian lands, the attempt to change the historic features, judaization of Eastern al Quds, the presence of the Israeli troops in al Masjid al Aqsa, the torture of Palestinians at the Israeli prisons are also blatant violations of the international law.
He visited Masjid al Aqsa and later also wanted to see the Church of Resurrection where, according to Christian belief, Jesus was crucified and prepared for burial.
Yousuf al-Qaradawi and Imam of Masjid Al Aqsa (Bait ul Muqaddas), Maulana Samiul Haq of Darul Aloom Haqqania and innumerable others.
New branch is located in Bayan - Block 8 - Al Masjid Al Aqsa Street, and will operate on Sunday's to Thursdays from 8:30 am to 3:00 pm Kuwait-based Burgan Bank has opened its 25th branch, which is located in Bayan.
We ask our lord, the most high to free the entire occupied land of Palestine and especially Masjid Al Aqsa, the first Qibla of the Muslims from the hands of the invading Zionists and to give freedom to the oppressed nation from the prolonged occupation at the hands of the ruthless invaders and make it a free and independent country so it can live like the rest of the free people.
Symbols of the Masjid Al Aqsa, the Islamic holy place in the old city of Jerusalem, can be found in various parts of her work, along with the wall that now separates the Palestinians and Israelis and any other symbols that represent her homeland.
During his meeting with Salah, Celik said that Turkey had carried out several e-state projects in Jordan with the help of the Turkish International Cooperation Agency (TIKA), and made significant contributions to Masjid Al Aqsa.
Coming hard on certain political leaders, Haq said there was no protest by the leadership when Masjid al Aqsa was taken over by the Israelis adding the objective of the political leadership is to only work for their own benefits.