backed separatist revolt with ties to Islamic groups, Sukarno banned organizations such as Masjumi
, characterized by Williams as the most important Muslim party in the young nation.
: Its Organization, Ideology and Political Role in Indonesia".
In that year, traditionalist Muslims split from the umbrella Islamic political party Masjumi
, which was led by Dutch-educated politicians.
Remy Madinier, L'Indonesie, entre democratie musulmane et Islam integral: Histoire du parti Masjumi
(11) The total vote of parties with an explicit Islamic identity was 43.5 per cent (Masjumi
, NU, PSII and Perti).
When by the end of the 1950s this political project failed, and the political party Masjumi
, which had advocated application of Islamic law, fell from grace, its leader from 1949 to 1958, M.
Father: Kiyai Haji Wahid Hasjim (1913-1951), effective head of Masjumi
Leaving aside the uncanny prefiguring of familiar elements in the worldwide Islamic revival of the present day, one could logically and quickly proceed to the post-World War II scene, where democratic politics in the independent Republic of Indonesia saw the rise of a distinct Islamic party in the shape of the Masjumi
, led by the so-called santri element--in European terms perhaps best equated with 'middle-class Puritan', but with dominant accent on the devoutness, not the economic dynamism.
Modernization from the 1920s forward affected educated and urban Arabs and Muslims, such as teachers, clerks, shopkeepers, and industrial workers in particular, who often expressed concerns about their identity by joining such popular movements as the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Jama'at-I Islami in Pakistan and India, and Masjumi
At least four parties, for example, claimed to be the true successor to Masjumi
, the main political vehicle of modernist Muslims in the 1950s.)
(27) And in the 1955 election, when voters had the option of choosing between parties representing religious programs, West Javanese voters showed a preference for the modernist Islamo-democratic party Masjumi
. (28) This support can be understood partially as a rejection of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), which was frequently read in West Java as a 'Javanese' (i.e.