Masjumi

Masjumi

 

(abbreviation for Majelis Sjuro Muslimin Indonesia, Consultative Council of Indonesian Muslims), the largest Muslim party in Indonesia from 1945 to 1960. Its program called for the creation in Indonesia of a state based on the principles of Islam.

The Masjumi Party represented the interests of the landowners and the commercial and money-lending bourgeoisie, although the peasantry constituted its mass base. The party’s leadership was dominated by the so-called religious socialists, who wanted to promote a rapid development of capitalism in Indonesia with the help of imperialist states and who favored a pro-Western foreign policy. In 1960 the party was disbanded by a decree of President Sukarno for participation in antigovernment rebellions, and the leaders involved in the uprisings were arrested. The Suharto government, which came to power in Indonesia in 1965-67, did not allow the reconstitution of the Masjumi Party, but its leaders were released from prison. Many former Masjumi members joined the Muslim Party of Indonesia, which was founded in 1968.

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Se traslado a Yakarta en 1949, lejos de su patria, Minangkabau, y construyo sus papeles de liderazgo en la Muhammadiyah modernista y en el partido politico islamista Masjumi. Cuando llego a Yakarta--y al mundo de la gran Indonesia--, Hamka se convirtio en miembro del Consejo del Liderazgo Hajj en el Ministerio de Religion, y sus servicios de oracion que se llevaban a cabo los viernes tenian mucha demanda.
backed separatist revolt with ties to Islamic groups, Sukarno banned organizations such as Masjumi, characterized by Williams as the most important Muslim party in the young nation.
"Masjumi: Its Organization, Ideology and Political Role in Indonesia".
In that year, traditionalist Muslims split from the umbrella Islamic political party Masjumi, which was led by Dutch-educated politicians.
Remy Madinier, L'Indonesie, entre democratie musulmane et Islam integral: Histoire du parti Masjumi (1945-1960).
(11) The total vote of parties with an explicit Islamic identity was 43.5 per cent (Masjumi, NU, PSII and Perti).
When by the end of the 1950s this political project failed, and the political party Masjumi, which had advocated application of Islamic law, fell from grace, its leader from 1949 to 1958, M.
Father: Kiyai Haji Wahid Hasjim (1913-1951), effective head of Masjumi (HESEA 2004:929-30).
Leaving aside the uncanny prefiguring of familiar elements in the worldwide Islamic revival of the present day, one could logically and quickly proceed to the post-World War II scene, where democratic politics in the independent Republic of Indonesia saw the rise of a distinct Islamic party in the shape of the Masjumi, led by the so-called santri element--in European terms perhaps best equated with 'middle-class Puritan', but with dominant accent on the devoutness, not the economic dynamism.
Modernization from the 1920s forward affected educated and urban Arabs and Muslims, such as teachers, clerks, shopkeepers, and industrial workers in particular, who often expressed concerns about their identity by joining such popular movements as the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Jama'at-I Islami in Pakistan and India, and Masjumi in Indonesia.
At least four parties, for example, claimed to be the true successor to Masjumi, the main political vehicle of modernist Muslims in the 1950s.)
(27) And in the 1955 election, when voters had the option of choosing between parties representing religious programs, West Javanese voters showed a preference for the modernist Islamo-democratic party Masjumi. (28) This support can be understood partially as a rejection of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), which was frequently read in West Java as a 'Javanese' (i.e.