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(hä'skəlä`), [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s. Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning, a concern for esthetics, and linguistic assimilation (especially in Germany), all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation. The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works. By publishing in Hebrew, they contributed to the revival of the language.


See J. Katz, Tradition and Crisis (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
El privilegiado estatus simbolico que comparten el maskil de la tradicion cabalistica y nuestro mistico carmelita puede corroborarse desde una lectura pertinente de un pasaje de Sava de-Mishpatim (Zohar, vol.
7) Reared in a Hasidic family in the Ukraine, Ahad HaAm became a maskil in his adolescence, as did many of his contemporaries, but still maintained, albeit in secularized form, the unique sense of self and his mission to save his people.
Probably the best-known was Reuben Brainin, the Russian-born maskil (Enlightenment scholar) well known in Zionist circles before World War I.
En este sentido, entiende la anotacion de la inscripcion como dedicatoria: Para los hijos de Korah, para entendimiento, y no segun la traduccion aceptada: Maskil (una "instruccion", que debemos recibir para "entendimiento") de los hijos de Korah.
It was a new language and a new history, and it was my supreme good fortune that the Hebrew teacher my parents found for me was a scholar, a real maskil, who responded to my childish enthusiasm," he recalls.
For example, the chain of events that leads the Hasidic protagonist of "The Hidden Puddle" to find himself knee-deep in the foul muck is both antic (the luftmensch out looking for a deal, the taunting of the town's sole rationalist in "a brave whisper" which the maskil evidently does not hear, the priest passing by and laughing at the man while the priest's horse urinates in the puddle) and touching (the man jumped into the puddle to avoid embarrassing a debtor approaching him on the street) The story is all the more poignant given the reader's knowledge that the Jewish life depicted on the eve of the Russian Revolution is doomed to destruction.
2) It was his exposure to Maimonides that finally changed him from a mitnaged to a maskil.
Goldfaden's father, a maskil, a disciple of the Haskalah, who had already had his son tutored at home in Russian and German, gladly turned the boy over to an institution whose secular nature deterred many other Jewish parents.
The technical term maskil which appears within the text of this verse is found internally in only one other psalm, and there the clear meaning is to be "thoughtful" or "pay attention" (Ps.
I wrote and write in Hebrew because my father was a maskil, and he hired a Hebrew teacher for me and my friend, Yerahmiel Mermelstein.
It is the story of a Hasidic boy's flight from wrobel to ankor through the pages and pathways of Jewish history to his venerable retirement as a Zionist maskil in Jerusalem.
Shmuel Werses, an Emeritus Professor of Hebrew Literature at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a central figure in the research of Haskalah, wrote "Portrait of a Maskil as a Young Man.