hierarchy

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hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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.

Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
the 1960s, Maslow's hierarchy of needs has fallen into question,
Table 2 offers suggestions for the application of Maslow's hierarchy to the classroom and clinical education setting.
To distinguish between "needs" and "wants" Rivon uses Brandeis professor and psychologist Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs diagram.
To justify creative activities I used theories such as Maslow's hierarchy of needs (6) in continuing care settings to argue that nursing care involved more that meeting physical and medical needs.
In Maslow's hierarchy of needs, it is said that after physiological and safety requirements are met, it is vital to realize our needs for love and belonging.
Maslow's hierarchy has had widespread acceptance since it was introduced.
Applying psychologist Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of human needs, Abrahams (Violence Against Women Research Group, U.
It is based on American psychologist Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs which places physiological needs like food, warmth and shelter at the bottom of the pyramid and self actualisation (achieving full potential) at the top.
Now that it is not against the law, I am pleased to think that happiness contributes to safety and security, love and belonging, which are two well known components of Maslow's hierarchy of needs--increasing self esteem and self actualisation are the highest steps in the hierarchy of needs, according to Maslow.