Mason-Dixon Line


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Mason-Dixon Line,

boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland (running between lat. 39°43'26.3"N and lat. 39°43'17.6"N), surveyed by the English team of Charles Mason, a mathematician and astronomer, and Jeremiah Dixon, a mathematician and land surveyor, between 1763 and 1767. The ambiguous description of the boundaries in the Maryland and Pennsylvania charters led to a protracted disagreement between the proprietors of the two colonies, the Penns of Pennsylvania and the Calverts of Maryland. The dispute was submitted to the English court of chancery in 1735. A compromise between two families in 1760 resulted in the appointment of Mason and Dixon. By 1767 the surveyors had run their line 244 mi (393 km) west from the Delaware border, every fifth milestone bearing the Penn and Calvert arms. The survey was completed to the western limit of Maryland in 1773; in 1779 the line was extended to mark the southern boundary of Pennsylvania with Virginia (present-day West Virginia). Before the Civil War the term "Mason-Dixon Line" popularly designated the boundary dividing the slave states from the free states, and it is still used to distinguish the South from the North.

Bibliography

See study by E. Danson (2001).

Mason-Dixon Line

boundary between Pennsylvania and Mary-land that came to divide the slave (southern) states from the free (northern) states. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1714]
References in periodicals archive ?
North of the Mason-Dixon Line, give or take, you need a plan for overwintering your figs.
In producing their own "Tale[s] about America" (7), colonists culturally map the space of this continent alongside the ongoing bureaucratic and administrative mapping, of which the Mason-Dixon Line is a prime example.
Boundaries: How the Mason-Dixon Line Settled a Family Feud and Divided a Nation.
You will be able to sing along to the greatest songs from one of music's most iconic decades, in which MTV made its debut, music videos were actually filmed in malls (hello, Tiffany), and mullets spread north of the Mason-Dixon line. Now, everyone can recapture the sheer fun of the decade with this new karaoke video game.
IN LABOUR/LE TRAVAIL, 71 (Spring 2013), 193-201, Jessica Millward published a review essay,"On Agency, Freedom, and the Boundaries of Slavery Studies," that included comment on Max Grivno's book Gleanings of Freedom: Free and Slave Labor Along the Mason-Dixon Line, 1790-1860 (2011).
In looking specifically at this key border state, adjacent to the Mason-Dixon Line, he not only shows how the legal victories of segregation opponents set the stage for the Brown v.
Save for Kentucky, which only protects gay and transgender people who are employed by the state, D.C., and Maryland, workers can be fired for being LGBT in every state south of the Mason-Dixon line. Even though the 2010 Census found that same-sex couples in Southern states are more likely to be raising children than their northeastern and West Coast counterparts, they have almost zero defenses against housing discrimination unless they live in big cities like Atlanta or New Orleans.
On the other side of the Mason-Dixon Line, the Southern mind was paralyzed by a "disease" of its own.
Maryland is the 18th state to repeal the death penalty, and the first state below the Mason-Dixon Line to do so.
Joe describes the Musties as a "Southern" band because most of its members originally came from below the Mason-Dixon line; he himself was raised in Nashville.
The miniseries skewed about 54% male, and drew much of its audience from homes in the region immediately south of the Mason-Dixon line. Among Nielsen's 56 metered markets, the highest ratings came from Knoxville (Tenn.), Louisville (Ky.), Birmingham (Ala.), Greenville-Spartanburg (S.C.) and Nashville.
He covers agriculture and labor in the early republic; panic, depression, and the transformation of labor; managing farms and farmhands in antebellum Maryland; finding freedom along the Mason-Dixon Line; and rural wage laborers in antebellum Maryland.