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Massa(mäs`ä), city (1991 pop. 66,737), capital of Massa-Carrara prov., Tuscany, N central Italy, near the Ligurian Sea. Marble is quarried, and chemicals, metals, and machinery are produced there. From the 15th to the 19th cent. Massa was the capital of the independent principality, later duchy, of Massa and Carrara, which was ruled by the Malaspina and the Cybo-Malaspina families. In 1829 the city passed through marriage to the house of Austria-Este, dukes of Modena. It united with the kingdom of Sardinia in 1859. The old town centers around the 15th-century Malaspina castle; in the new section are the Cybo-Malaspina Palace, a 15th-century cathedral, and a fine marble fountain.
Massa(măs`ə), in the Bible, seventh son of Ishmael.
a city in central Italy, in Tuscany, near the Ligurian Sea (Marina di Massa is the outer harbor). It is the administrative center of the province of Massa e Carrara. Population, 62,800 (1971). There is production of items made from Carrara marble, which is quarried in the Apuanian Alps. There is machine building (power engineering and chemical equipment), as well as some metallurgical and chemical industry.