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an urban-type settlement in Crimean Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, 5 km east of Yalta. It is the site of a large grape and wine-making combine of the same name. Massandra is a seaside climatic resort on the southern shore of the Crimea. Therapeutic means include aeroheliotherapy, the grape cure (September to November), and bathing in the sea (June through October).
a vine-growing and wine combine of the Soviet food industry.
The Massandra Combine is a major enterprise for the production of grapes, high-quality grape wines, tobacco, fruits, and other agricultural products. The combine includes sovkhozes located on the south coast of the Crimea. Its principal crop is grapes. The Massandra wineries and sovkhozes turn out 33 brands of wine: strong wines (port, Madeira, and sherry), dessert wines (Tokay, muscat, and Cahors), table wines, and champagne. The wines are outstanding for their bouquet and taste. They have been awarded many medals in international competition.
The Massandra Combine has very old facilities for long-term aging and processing of wine; they were established in 1897. The wineries are equipped with modern mechanized and automated equipment and use advanced technology for highly efficient production. The cellars of the Massandra Combine store over 400,000 bottles of more than 700 varieties of domestic and foreign wines; some of these bottles date back to 1775.
REFERENCEOkhremenko, N. S. Vinodelie i vina Ukrainy. Moscow, 1966.
I. N. OKOLELOV