Massawa


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Massawa

(məsä`wə), city (1984 pop. 15,441), Eritrea, a port on the Red Sea. Before Eritrean independence (1993) it was the main port for N Ethiopia and is linked by rail with AsmaraAsmara
, city (1996 est. pop. 400,000), capital of Eritrea, at an altitude of c.7,300 ft (2,225 m). The name also appears as Asmera. A commercial and industrial center, it is connected by rail and highway with the Red Sea port of Massawa.
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. Agreements with Eritrea gave Ethiopia continued access to its port facilities, but after the border war (1998–2000) between the two countries Ethiopian use of the port ended, severely affecting the local economy. Major industries include meat processing and the production of cement and salt. Fishing is also important to the economy. Long a commercial port, Massawa was part of the kingdom of Aksum (c.1st–8th cent. A.D.). In 1577 it was captured by the Ottoman Turks, who in 1868 transferred it to Egyptian control. In 1885, Massawa was taken by Italy, and from 1889 to 1900 it was the capital of the Italian colony of Eritrea. Until Etritrean independence it was the main base of the Ethiopian navy, which had a naval training school there. The secessionist Eritrean movement was involved in fighting against the Ethiopian government in the city. Massawa's port was especially important for receiving arms shipments and the city was heavily damaged during the 30-year war of independence. Its name is also spelled Massaua and Mitsiwa.

Massawa

 

(Massaua), a city in northern Ethiopia, in Eritrea. Population, 18,500 (1970). It is a port on the Red Sea, handling about one-third of the country’s foreign trade freight, and mainly serves Eritrea. The port and commercial part of the city are situated on islands joined to the mainland by causeways. Massawa is connected with Asmara by railroad and highway. It has cement industry, fish canning, and salt making. Mother-of-pearl and pearls are harvested.

Massawa

, Massaua
a port in E central Eritrea, on the Red Sea: capital of Eritrea during Italian occupation, from 1885 until 1900. Pop.: 40 000 (1992)
References in periodicals archive ?
Massawa and its associated orebody, Sofia, were discovered by Randgold Resources, since merged with Barrick, which invested $96.2 million in a feasibility study.
So it was with a certain queasiness that I slipped into the passenger seat alongside the pilot and we lurched off on the rocky road to Massawa. We passed by gorges gouged out of sheer rock face, gingerly skirting 250 metre-deep precipices on one side and a steady stream of oncoming traffic clogging the other side of the twisting roadway.
Additionally, fuel and provisions are often unavailable in Massawa and other parts of Eritrea, and are often scarce in the capital city of Asmara.
Through StarBroker AG, DHL's in-house carrier, the first chartered flight from Dubai World Central bound for Massawa International Airport of the East-African state of Eritrea was successfully given the necessary landing rights to complete a seamless and on-time delivery of cargo.
According to the website, the Yemeni fishermen arrived today Friday to the fishing port in Hudeida governorate but the other nine boats are still seized by Eritrean authorities in Massawa port.
In our next port of call, Massawa, we were met by a 75-year-old asthmatic steam engine, from the time Eritrea was an Italian colony and Mussolini made the trains run on time.
They are the Gounkoto mine in Mali (containing an estimated 2.65m oz), the Tongon mine in Cote d'Ivoire, the Massawa mine in Senegal and the Kibali mine in DR Congo.
Emily Massawa, from United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) gives presentation on the background of the Karakorum Trust Project.
55 of this book, Summerfield writes that Faitlovitch opened a clinic in Wolleka where drugs were distributed; a closer look at Faitlovitch's diary would have revealed that the twenty-four cases of medicine arrived in Massawa in a state which rendered their distribution completely useless and that it proved impossible to open a clinic and to distribute drugs in Wolleka!
"It's such a pity the US is still very much unwilling to join the international community, to have a multi-lateral effort to deal with climate change," said Kenya's Emily Ojoo Massawa, who is chairman of the African group of nations at thetwo-week-long conference.
Another is Eritrea, whose architecture reflects the various rulers of the country: the Ottoman empire, Egypt and Italy; this dome (left) is the former Governor's palace in Massawa, commissioned by the Egyptian consul in 1872.