Azeglio, Massimo Taparelli, marchese d'

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Azeglio, Massimo Taparelli, marchese d'

(mäs`sēmō täpärĕl`lē märkā`zā dädzā`lyō), 1798–1866, Italian premier and author, b. Turin. He studied painting, then turned to literature and wrote two historical novels. In 1845 he became a leader of the movement for national liberation. He urged a more unified policy but strongly opposed secret conspiracies and violent outbreaks. In his pamphlets he denounced the papal government and condemned Austria's ruthless repression of Italian liberals. He influenced King Charles Albert of Sardinia to take the lead in the struggle and fought (1848) against Austria, being wounded at Vicenza. In 1849 the new king, Victor Emmanuel II, made him premier, a post he held until 1852, when he was succeeded by the more radical Cavour. His autobiography throws much light on the Risorgimento.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Azeglio, Massimo Taparelli, Marchese d’


Born Oct. 24, 1798, in Turin; died Jan. 15, 1866, in Turin. Italian writer, artist, and political figure.

As a writer, Azeglio belonged to the romantic movement, continuing the line of historical novels begun with A. Manzoni’s The Betrothed. Among Azeglio’s most popular novels were The Tournament at Barletta, or Ettore Fieramosca (1833; Russ. trans., 1847, 1865, 1874, 1934, 1963) and Niccolò de Lapi (1841; Russ. trans., 1865), both of which fostered the growth of national self-awareness. In the 1840’s Azeglio, together with Balbo and Gioberti, was an ideologist and leader of the liberal wing in the Italian national liberation and unification movement. He came out against revolutionary methods of struggle, proposing the unification of Italy “from above,” under the leadership of the Savoy dynasty.

The idea of Italian unity was the basis of Azeglio’s work The Latest Events in Romagna (1846). In 1847 he published his Project for a National Program, which became the political credo for moderate Italian liberals. From 1849 to 1852, Azeglio was prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of Piedmont.


Racconti, leggende, ricordi. Turin, 1918.


Friche, V. M. Ital’ianskaia literatura XIX v. Moscow, 1916.
Vaccalluzzo, N. M. d’Azeglio. Rome, 1925.
Vismara, A. Bibliografia du M. d’Azeglio. Milan, 1878.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The New Italy and the Jews: From Massimo D'Azeglio to Primo Levi
Here Comparini tackles the problematic relationship between Pavese and his influential instructor at the Liceo Classico Massimo d'Azeglio, Augusto Monti.
At that time, Monti, born in 1881, was a teacher at the "Massimo D'Azeglio" Grammar School in Turin, a stronghold of anti-fascism, and Mila, Ginzburg, and Pavese, born between 1908 and 1910, were all students there.
(6) Sono tutti episodi sintomatici di un nuovo e forte sentire--all'esempio manzoniano si devono aggiungere le atmosfere foscoliane e byroniane, la fortuna delle traduzioni dei romanzi di Walter Scott e di non poche opere che venivano d'oltralpe--che trova nella narrazione storica, e attraverso di essa la ragione di rappresentare la violenza come motore universale delle azioni umane, il veicolo privilegiato per un progetto di educazione e rappresentazione che si puo riassumere, semplificando, con la celebre frase attribuita a Massimo d'Azeglio, ovvero quel fare gl'Italiani che occupo parte non peregrina del pensiero ottocentesco italiano.
The works of Manzoni, Berchet, Giusti, Aleardi, Nievo, Gazzoletti, Massimo d'Azeglio and others are crossed by the rivers, with the recurrent image of 'different floods', separated as far as they reach the sea, then 'losing their names and embracing each other'.
When statesman Massimo d'Azeglio remarked on the political consolidation of the Italian kingdom in 1861, he stressed the need to build a distinctive identity for its people.
Pope Pius IX retreated to the Vatican where he declared himself "a prisoner." Italy was at last united, but as Cavour's mentor, the patriot, writer and artist Massimo D'Azeglio noted, "We have created Italy.
Primo: "L'Italia e fatta, ora bisogna fare gli italiani." Lo sappiamo tutti: cosi disse Massimo D'Azeglio all'indomani dell'unificazione del Paese.
Shortly after independence in 1861, Massimo d'Azeglio, one of the ministers in the new government, is credited with having summed up all that had been accomplished - and much of what remained.
Massimo d'Azeglio was Prime Minister of Piedmont at the time.