Master's Degree

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Master’s Degree


the second academic degree awarded in institutions of higher learning in the United States, Great Britain, and other countries in which the Anglo-American system of education has been adopted. In the Middle Ages the master’s degree (magister artium liberalium) was conferred upon teachers of the “seven liberal arts.” Later it was awarded to graduates of philosophy departments of universities, and in the 19th century it was replaced by the degree of doctor of philosophy.

In prerevolutionary Russia the master’s degree was awarded by all university faculties except medical faculties, and individuals receiving it were eligible to hold a chair. The master’s degree in pharmacy and veterinary science was the highest degree awarded in these fields. The degree was awarded after the completion of university courses, the passing of an oral examination in a given field, and the public defense of a dissertation approved by the faculty. Candidates holding a doctoral degree from a foreign university were allowed to take the examination for the master’s degree. Those candidates who had passed the examination but had not defended a dissertation were called magistranty. The doctoral degree was awarded for outstanding master’s dissertations.

There is no master’s degree in Soviet higher education or in the system of scholarly titles and degrees. In other countries the master’s degree is conferred upon those who have graduated from a university or an equivalent institution with a baccalaureate, who have completed an additional academic program of one or two years, and who have passed special examinations and defended a dissertation. The disciplines covered by the examinations and the scope of the dissertation are established by the universities and other higher educational institutions. As a rule, the master’s degree is not awarded in law and medicine, where the degrees doctor of medicine and doctor of law are conferred. The qualifications of individuals receiving a master’s degree are approximately equivalent to the qualifications of graduates of Soviet higher educational institutions (five-year program) who have defended a diploma project before the State Examination Commission.


References in periodicals archive ?
For most students seeking the master's degree, required by the state since 1993 for all public school speech therapists, a daily commute to CSUN is impossible.
and a master's degree in accounting and tax from the University of Virginia.
Received bachelor's degree from Wayne State University and master's degree from Michigan State University.
Thunderbird is diversifying its offerings and meeting market demand with two unique master's degrees that will prepare a new generation of global managers to successfully engage in business and international affairs in today's rapidly changing marketplace.
The new college numbers nearly 900 students, more than 170 of whom are master's degree candidates.
The results of this study demonstrate that Maryland DVR counselors with master's degrees in rehabilitation counseling have higher rates of competitive outcomes and are more cost efficient than their colleagues with unrelated bachelor's and master's degrees in their service to people with severe disabilities.
In the interim, however, serious consideration should be given to eliminating the practice of hiring persons with bachelor's and unrelated master's degrees to serve as rehabilitation counselors unless such individuals are required to pursue formal education in rehabilitation counseling and afforded experienced supervision.
McCormick holds a bachelor's degree in liberal arts from Cornell University and a master's degree in finance from the University of Rochester.
The School of Engineering, which plans to launch a master's degree in game development next spring, is also working on a bachelor's degree in game development.
Phillips offers a unique psychology curriculum including master's degrees in marriage and family therapy, art therapy and school counseling, and doctoral programs in clinical psychology and organizational consulting.
org), an independent online guide for master's degree programs, has published a list of the 50 Most Affordable Online Graduate Schools for Master's Degrees at http://www.
He also holds master's degrees in pastoral studies and psychology.

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