Master's Degree

(redirected from Master's degrees)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Master’s Degree


the second academic degree awarded in institutions of higher learning in the United States, Great Britain, and other countries in which the Anglo-American system of education has been adopted. In the Middle Ages the master’s degree (magister artium liberalium) was conferred upon teachers of the “seven liberal arts.” Later it was awarded to graduates of philosophy departments of universities, and in the 19th century it was replaced by the degree of doctor of philosophy.

In prerevolutionary Russia the master’s degree was awarded by all university faculties except medical faculties, and individuals receiving it were eligible to hold a chair. The master’s degree in pharmacy and veterinary science was the highest degree awarded in these fields. The degree was awarded after the completion of university courses, the passing of an oral examination in a given field, and the public defense of a dissertation approved by the faculty. Candidates holding a doctoral degree from a foreign university were allowed to take the examination for the master’s degree. Those candidates who had passed the examination but had not defended a dissertation were called magistranty. The doctoral degree was awarded for outstanding master’s dissertations.

There is no master’s degree in Soviet higher education or in the system of scholarly titles and degrees. In other countries the master’s degree is conferred upon those who have graduated from a university or an equivalent institution with a baccalaureate, who have completed an additional academic program of one or two years, and who have passed special examinations and defended a dissertation. The disciplines covered by the examinations and the scope of the dissertation are established by the universities and other higher educational institutions. As a rule, the master’s degree is not awarded in law and medicine, where the degrees doctor of medicine and doctor of law are conferred. The qualifications of individuals receiving a master’s degree are approximately equivalent to the qualifications of graduates of Soviet higher educational institutions (five-year program) who have defended a diploma project before the State Examination Commission.


References in periodicals archive ?
and a master's degree in accounting and tax from the University of Virginia.
Fiedler has a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology and a master's degree in business administration from the University of St.
After graduation he will pursue a master's degree in business administration and plans to start his own investment planning business.
News & World Report named CalArts the fifth-best film school in the country for a master's degree in fine arts.
In total, 436 Hispanics, 186 African Americans, 156 Asian Americans and 23 American Indians earned their master's degrees in education from National University in 2003-2004.
Delphine Lucero, CSUN graduate student who is about to earn her master's degree in linguistics
She is a graduate of Drexel University where she earned both her bachelor's degree in business administration and master's degree of business administration.
Canelis earned his bachelor's degree in computer science and mathematics from California State University at Hayward and has a master's degree in business administration from the University of Santa Clara.
A total of 1,898 master's degrees were awarded to women by National University, based upon the most recent figures available from the U.
Runde earned a bachelor's degree in engineering from Marquette University and a master's degree in business from George Washington University.
He has a bachelor's degree from Harvard College and a master's degree from Stanford Law School.

Full browser ?