Masters, William

Masters, William (Howell)

(1915–  ) biologist, sexual therapist; born in Cleveland, Ohio. He took an M.D. at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. At Washington University (St. Louis), he began in 1944 to establish scientific credentials in reproductive biology before launching his research into all aspects of human sexual activity in 1954. In 1957 he hired a psychologist, Virginia Johnson, to provide the necessary female perspective. They proceeded to investigate the physiological responses to sexual stimulation in actual men and women, and their first report, Human Sexual Response (1966), despite its technical nature, created a tremendous controversy. Later works such as Human Sexual Inadequacy (1970) and Homosexuality in Perspective (1979) proved almost as controversial. In 1964 he founded the Reproductive Biology Research Foundation; renamed the Masters and Johnson Institute, it increasingly concentrated on treating couples' sexual problems and training therapists. Masters and Johnson married in 1971 but divorced in 1992.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
It begins with a reminiscence of a visit to one of Ammons's acknowledged masters, William Carlos Williams, and an interview with Ammons conducted by Mike Erwin and Jed Rasula in 1973.
Bagby's master, William Goshorn, through his lawyer acknowledged that the trial would "test whether our [Cleveland's] declamations of being law-abiding citizens are true, and are really meant." (35) Furthermore, when Ohio's citizens offered to purchase Bagby's freedom, the judge noted that the masters, William and his father John Goshorn, would not take money: "These men want to know if the people will enforce the laws--they care nothing about the $600 or $800 [Bagby's value]." (36) Later the Goshorns said they would accept money for Bagby's purchase, $1200, but only after they won the case and she was returned to slavery.
Hendry also has not forgotten the result of their last match at the Masters, Williams winning on a re-spotted black finish to the 19th and deciding frame in the 1998 final.