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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a fascist German concentration camp. It was established in July 1938, 4 km from the town of Mauthausen (Austria) as a “branch” of the Dachau concentration camp. It was disaffiliated from the latter in March 1939.

From 1938 to 1945 about 335,000 persons from many countries were imprisoned at Mauthausen. Just on the basis of records that have been preserved, more than 122,000 persons (including more than 32,000 Soviet citizens) were savagely murdered at the camp. At Mauthausen an underground resistance organization, created by Communists and headed by an international camp committee, led a revolt on May 5-7, 1945.

After World War II a memorial museum was established at the site of the Mauthausen camp. In 1948 a monument was erected at Mauthausen for D. M. Karbyshev, who was tortured to death there in February 1945.


SS v deistvii: Dokumenty o prestupleniiakh SS. Moscow, 1960. Pages 284-96. (Translated from German.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En fin d'apres-midi, la ministre espagnole baptisera la bibliotheque de l'Institut Cervantes d'Oran du nom de Francesco Boix, un revolutionnaire et photographe emprisonne dans le camp de concentration de Mathausen (Autriche).
He died from his injuries just eight days before the Allies liberated the Mathausen camp in May 1945.
La fuga di Liala e Giovanna ebree (in "Non solo Shoa"), prima ad Assisi, e poi al seguito di un americano, definisce i contorni strazianti di un momento drammatico della storia d'Italia, quello della Shoa, che vide la deportazione a Mathausen di figure di rilievo dell'intellighentia italiana, come Guido del Reietto, che torna dal campo di concentramento, per essere additato ormai da tutti come un reietto.
Even so, she was sent to concentration camps in Mathausen and Ravensbruck, where she was close to death at the end of the war.
The sons were sent to the labour camp at Mathausen and Gusen to work in the stone quarries.
Auschwitz, Sosnowiec, Czortkow, Czernowitz, Lodz, Riga, Cluj, Kosice, Kovno, Krakow, DachauKaufering, Mathausen ...
Incredibly, Betty and her family managed to survive the Mathausen camp where they suffered terrible treatment.
Sofsky details the number and type of concentration camps, distinguishing those whose sole purpose was the immediate extermination of Jews (Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, and Auschwitz-Birkenau, in which he estimates at least three million were murdered) from those in which death followed from the regnant terror (Dachau, Buchenwald; Mathausen, Majdanek, [14] Bergen Belsen, and Auschwitz, to name the most infamous, in which more than one million persons perished).
Her family, Richie's family, all Jews, victims of the occupying Nazis who turned their city into a killing ground; the death march to Mathausen concentration camp; after the war her despairing search for Richie, only to find his name on a list of those butchered at Auschwitz.

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