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Mathura(mă`tho͝orä, mŭ`trə) or
Muttra(mŭ`trə), city (1991 pop. 235,922), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Yamuna River. An agricultural market town and district administrative center, it is best known as a Hindu pilgrimage site, the reputed birthplace of the god Krishna. The region, which may have been inhabited since the 7th cent. B.C., is rich in archaeological remains. Muslim rulers (16th–18th cent.) destroyed many Hindu temples in the city and erected mosques.
(Muttra) a city on the Jumna River in northern India, in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Population, 140,500 (1971). Mathura is a transportation junction. Vegetable oil and textiles are produced there, and the city is a metalworking center. Mathura is famous for its ancient Buddhist monuments (fourth and third centuries B.C.) and Hindu temples.