Mating

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mating

[′mād·iŋ]
(biology)
The meeting of individuals for sexual reproduction.

Mating

 

the coupling of agricultural animals, a means of natural insemination of dams by sires. Mating takes place when the female is in heat. Animals are allowed to mate for the first time when they reach sexual maturity: stallions and mares at the age of three years, bulls and cows at 15 to 18 months, rams and ewes at 12 to 18 months, and boars and sows at ten to 12 months. Animals of early-maturing breeds are mated somewhat earlier than those of late-maturing breeds.

There are several types of mating. Voluntary coupling takes place in herds in which the males and females are kept together at pasture or in pens. Selective mating takes place when males kept separately from the females are paired with certain designated females. This type of mating makes possible selection, increased breeding use of the sire, and the obtaining of offspring during specific periods of the year. In animal breeding, natural mating is replaced by artificial insemination, a more efficient method of insemination.

References in periodicals archive ?
Next month RSPB Cymru is offering a rare opportunity for wildlife enthusiasts to witness at first hand the mating display of one of Wales most endangered and elusive birds with an open site visit to a lek which in bird watchers speak is a love nest.
uk Courtship displays found in all species MATING displays are often performed by animals in an effort to attract a mate.
In addition to feathered-tail waving, oviraptors also had prominent bone crests on their head, which Persons says the dinosaur also may have used in mating displays.
So 15 males, all fitted with radio transmitters to monitor their movements and mating displays known as lekking, have been moved to a new site which has not had grouse since the 1990s, in a bid to attract females and increase the species' range.
The Lyon/Mono and Lassen populations were similar to each other, while the Nye population was the most unique across nine acoustic components of male mating displays.
Males are already practising mating displays, gathering near females to bow their heads and run at them while calling excitedly.
Scientists from the University of Texas, US, have found that in addition to having a role in mating displays and in fighting off competitors, the huge claw helps them in staying cool.
There are mating displays between water birds, birds building nests, checking out nest sites.