Mating

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Related to Mating effort: Mate desertion, Remating, double mating

mating

[′mād·iŋ]
(biology)
The meeting of individuals for sexual reproduction.

Mating

 

the coupling of agricultural animals, a means of natural insemination of dams by sires. Mating takes place when the female is in heat. Animals are allowed to mate for the first time when they reach sexual maturity: stallions and mares at the age of three years, bulls and cows at 15 to 18 months, rams and ewes at 12 to 18 months, and boars and sows at ten to 12 months. Animals of early-maturing breeds are mated somewhat earlier than those of late-maturing breeds.

There are several types of mating. Voluntary coupling takes place in herds in which the males and females are kept together at pasture or in pens. Selective mating takes place when males kept separately from the females are paired with certain designated females. This type of mating makes possible selection, increased breeding use of the sire, and the obtaining of offspring during specific periods of the year. In animal breeding, natural mating is replaced by artificial insemination, a more efficient method of insemination.

References in periodicals archive ?
Put in this light, the allocation of male reproductive effort toward long-term bonds and offspring entails a reduction in aspects of mating effort (that is, entails less male-male physical competition and courtship of mates).
Although the parental effort versus mating effort debate over the evolutionary origin and maintenance of ejaculatory donations cannot presently be resolved from studies of Drosophila, these ejaculatory substances have been suggested to contribute to female productivity in D.
spermatophylax and ampulla weights) and measures of male and female reproductive variables is performed in an attempt to distinguish between a paternal investment and a mating effort explanation.
Decreases in testosterone may suppress mating efforts and they may potentially channel a man's energy towards the care of infants.
Females often outnumber males, so males get a good rate of return on their mating efforts, Shapiro says.