Matriarchate


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Matriarchate

 

a social system that existed in the period of the dissolution of the clan system and transition to a class society. The basic features of a matriarchate—the dominant position of the woman in society, matrilineal inheritance of property and position, and matrilocal or dislocal marital residence— emerged through changes in certain norms of the matrilineal clan. The matriarchate period was first identified by J. Bachofen in his analysis of classical myths. The existence of a matriarchate has been historically reconstructed for certain peoples of Tibet and for ancient Egypt and other states in antiquity. Vestiges of a matriarchate survive among the Minangkabau on Sumatra and certain Micronesian peoples. The term “matriarchate” is sometimes imprecisely used to denote the matrilineal clan system as a whole or the period in which it flourished.

References in periodicals archive ?
In providing a broad view of Minangkabau history and culture, Hadler gives the reader a clear insight into how the Minangkabau matriarchate survived the onslaughts of alien ideologies that were intent on dismantling it throughout the nineteenth and the first half of twentieth century.
Every part of the world today gives evidence of the system; reminiscences of the Matriarchate everywhere abound.
One of the most brilliant modern examples of the Matriarchate was found in Malabar at the time of its discovery by the Portuguese in the XV century.
Under the Missionaries sent by England to introduce her own barbaric ideas of God and man, this beautiful Matriarchate civilization of Malabar soon retrograded and was lost.
The most ancient Aryans were under the Matriarchate, the feminine recognized as the creative power.
Nor does this all seem to be solely a survival of the historic matriarchate through which all nations pass, - it appears to be more than this, - as if the great Black race in passing up the steps of human culture gave the world, not only the Iron Age, the cultivation of the soil, and the domestication of animals, but also, in peculiar emphasis, the mother-idea.