Matricaria


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Matricaria

[‚ma·trə′kar·ē·ə]
(botany)
A genus of weedy herbs having a strong odor and white and yellow disk flowers; chamomile oil is obtained from certain species.

Matricaria

 

(matricary), a genus of short, fragrant annual herbs of the family Compositae. The leaves are one or two times pinnatisect. The heads measure 4–15 mm across and are in a common corymbiform inflorescence. The pistillate ray flowers are white and ligulate, and the bisexual disk flowers are yellow and tubular. Sometimes there are only tubular flowers. The floral receptacle is hollow and generally conical. The seeds have three or four fine ribs and a barely noticeable pappus. In some species a pappus is absent.

There are about 50 species of matricary, distributed in Eurasia and Africa. Of the four species found in the USSR, the most common are the sweet false chamomile (M. recutita— formerly M. chamomilla) and the pineapple weed (M. matricariodes—formerly M. suaveolens).

The heads of the sweet false chamomile contain essential oil, azulene, anthemic acid, glycosides, and other substances. They are used to induce sweating and to treat intestinal spasms, me-teorism, and diarrhea. Preparations in the form of rinses, compresses, and baths are used as weak antiseptics and astringents.

The sweet false chamomile is cultivated in the USSR, Bulgaria, Rumania, Poland, and many other countries. It produces the greatest yields in fertile chernozem loams. In crop rotation it should follow clean fallow, winter grain that follows clean fallow, or well fertilized cultivated crops. The crop is sown for winter (sowing takes place in July or August), late winter, or early spring harvests. Fertilizers are applied during the first plowing or at sowing time. The most effective nitrogen fertilizers are ammonium sulfate and carbamide. The inflorescences are harvested during mass blossoming; they are dried under awnings or in driers at temperatures not exceeding 45°C.

The Russian name for the genus—romashka—is sometimes used to designate species of the genera Pyrethrum, Anthemis, Leucanthemum, and Tricostate.

REFERENCES

Flora SSSR, vol. 26. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. G. LEONOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Eliasova, "Salicylic acid induces changes of coumarin metabolites in Matricaria chamomilla L," Plant Science, vol.
Two different plant species named as chamomile, namely Roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis L.) and German chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.), are used worldwide as medicinal plants.
Ruda Asteraceae Matricaria recutita L Manzanilla Asteraceae Senecio salignus DC Azomiate Equisetaceae Equisetum sp Cola de caballo Lamiaceae Mentha x piperita L Hierba buena Asteraceae Artemisia sp Estafiate Porcentaje de Familia padecimientos * Asteraceae 16,9 % Lamiaceae 15,49 % Asteraceae 14,08 % Rutaceae 14,08 % Asteraceae 8,45 % Asteraceae 8,45 % Equisetaceae 8,45 % Lamiaceae 7,04 % Asteraceae 7,04 % * Sobre el total de padecimientos mencionados (71).
The initial study, published in 2009, is thought to be the first-controlled clinical trial of oral chamomile (Matricaria recutita) extract for GAD.
O fitoterapico em estudo neste trabalho foi a Matricaria chamomila, conhecida popularmente como camomila-alema, camomila-azul, camomila-comum e matricaria.
Matsubara e Rodriguez-Amaya (2006) determinaram teores de catequinas e teaflavinas em tres marcas de cha verde (Camellia sinensis), "Ban-cha" (Camellia sinensis), e quatro de cha preto (Camellia sinensis), assim como diversas marcas de erva doce (Pimpinella anisum L.), camomila (Matricaria chamomilla L.), erva cidreira (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Sapf.), hortela (Mentha piperita L.), boldo (Peumus boldus), morango (Fragaria vesca L.), maca (Malus domestica), mate (Ilex paraguariensis) e erva mate (Ilex paraguariensis) foram compradas no mercado local (Campinas, SP).
If your insomnia is caused by tension or by working late at night, try a cup of tea made from non-habit-forming herbs such as catnip (Nepeta cataria), a gentle sedative; chamomile (Matricaria recutita), which helps calm the nerves and soothe the stomach; or passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), a safe sedative particularly helpful for insomnia caused by anxiety, worry or an overactive mind.
Many of the products contain Watkins' exclusive blend of six botanical essences designed to nourish all skin types--hypericure, cornflower, linden, matricaria, calendula and chamomile.
D'autres especes medicinales telles: Marrubium vulgare L., Coriandrum sativum L., Eugenia caryophyllata Thumb., Papaver somniferum L., Matricaria chamomilla L.
"Poleo" y Citrus aurantifolia (L.) Swingle "Limon" (26,67 %), seguidas de Matricaria recutita L.
The tea (Calma-Bebi) contained chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), vervain (Verbena officinalis), licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), fennel (Foeniculum vulgate), and balm mint (Melissa officinalis).