The latter is statistically associated with matrilocal residence and important social positions ascribed to women.
Matrilocal residence and polygamy are good examples of complementary institutions.
It does not contradict the principle of matrilocal residence, but it is not compatible with the rules of transmission for lineage lands through the maternal line.
Arrangements concerning matrilocal residence are cited simply in the code as 'local practice', although not supplying one's daughter with a house is considered dishonourable: 'Each daughter at the time of her marriage [has the right to] accommodation built by her own parents in accordance with custom' (Article 82) and 'the furniture with which the house is stocked remains attached to this house even if it has been purchased by the husband to equip his wife's house' (Article 84).
He clarifies what he means by the matriarchate: 'a combination of matrilineal inheritance and matrilocal residence
as well as relative gender egalitarianism' (p.
There is a strong tendency towards matrilocal residence among the Sgaw Karen: after marriage, the bride and groom reside with the bride's parents for a year or so, and subsequently move out to a new house built nearby.
Matrilocal residence is also explained in terms of the spirits: it is because a woman's spirit and her mother-in-law's spirit are not compatible that matrilocal residence is sanctioned.
The concluding chapter asserts that matrilineal descent and matrilocal residence
"relates directly to the level of fertility and the pattern of mortality through established gender roles" (p.