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(Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren) (rōbĕr`tō sābästyän` äntōn`yō mät`tä ĕkhär`rĕn), 1911?–2002, Chilean painter who left his native country for Paris (1935) and thereafter worked in Europe and the United States, b. Santiago. Matta was an exponent of surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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 in the group around André BretonBreton, André
, 1896–1966, French writer, founder and theorist of the surrealist movement. He studied neuropsychology and was one of the first in France to publicize the work of Freud.
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 in the late 1930s. His pictures present volatile forms engulfed in cosmic upheaval; their strange effects have been compared to science fiction. After the mid-1940s his canvases portray the interactions of various mutant creatures. He cultivated "accidents" of automatic drawing and spilled pigment in an attempt to spontaneously access the unconscious. From 1939 to 1948 Matta lived and worked in New York. There his ideas on abstraction profoundly influenced his friend Arshile GorkyGorky, Arshile
, c.1900–48, American painter, b. Armenia as Vosdanig Adoian. He escaped the Turkish slaughter of Armenians, emigrated to the United States in 1920, studied at Boston's New School of Design, and moved to New York City in 1925.
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 and were important to such exponents of abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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 as Pollock, Rothko, Baziotes, and Motherwell. It was thus that his concepts helped to develop a new and distinctive language of abstract painting in America. Matta's work is included in many public collections, e.g., Let's Phosphoresce by Intellection, II in the Nelson Gallery–Atkins Museum, Kansas City, Mo.


See studies by W. Rubin (1957), I. Clurman (1970), and E. T. A. Smith et al. (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
En todo caso, el programa poetico y revolucionario de Matta y Schuster parece irradiar sobre el movimiento que Bolano, Mario Santiago y Bruno Montane crearon en 1974, y que dos anos mas tarde se convertiria en un "movimiento de vanguardia" con la aparicion del Primer manifiesto firmado por Bolano.
En 1937, gracias a una carta de recomendacion de Federico Garcia Lorca, consiguio que Salvador Dali le presentara a Andre Breton, con lo que Matta se incorporo al movimiento surrealista y, mas tarde, con Yves Tanguy y Gordon Onslow-Ford, se convierte en uno de los principales precursores del automatismo.
Para 1941, Matta es ya un protagonista de las artes plasticas neoyorquinas.
Matta sera mucho mas elocuente, de todos modos: "Pinto para que la libertad sea algo mas que una estatua".
Nacido en Chile el 11 del 11 de 1911, a los 22 anos Matta partio a Europa donde trabajo en el proyecto "ciudad radiante" con el pintor, arquitecto y teorico franco-suizo Le Corbusier.
Cisco warned that there are no fixes available for any of the vulnerabilities identified by Matta and it did not provide a time line for when patches might be ready.
Nasir also said that a mine blast in the Matta Chena area killed a civilian last night.
As he plunged the blade four times into RAF officer Stephen's neck, Matta told hysterical Susan: "My life is over.
Matta and Boyd are affiliated with the Department of Chemistry at Dalhousie University, Canada.
PHILADELPHIA SOCIETY immediate past-president Brian Boorman (left) is given his past-president's pin by current president, Bruce Matta.
Transmission; the art of Matta and Gordon Matta-Clark.
NILSON MATTA & FRIENDS Walking With My Bass (Blue Toucan)