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(Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren) (rōbĕr`tō sābästyän` äntōn`yō mät`tä ĕkhär`rĕn), 1911?–2002, Chilean painter who left his native country for Paris (1935) and thereafter worked in Europe and the United States, b. Santiago. Matta was an exponent of surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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 in the group around André BretonBreton, André
, 1896–1966, French writer, founder and theorist of the surrealist movement. He studied neuropsychology and was one of the first in France to publicize the work of Freud.
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 in the late 1930s. His pictures present volatile forms engulfed in cosmic upheaval; their strange effects have been compared to science fiction. After the mid-1940s his canvases portray the interactions of various mutant creatures. He cultivated "accidents" of automatic drawing and spilled pigment in an attempt to spontaneously access the unconscious. From 1939 to 1948 Matta lived and worked in New York. There his ideas on abstraction profoundly influenced his friend Arshile GorkyGorky, Arshile
, c.1900–48, American painter, b. Armenia as Vosdanig Adoian. He escaped the Turkish slaughter of Armenians, emigrated to the United States in 1920, studied at Boston's New School of Design, and moved to New York City in 1925.
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 and were important to such exponents of abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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 as Pollock, Rothko, Baziotes, and Motherwell. It was thus that his concepts helped to develop a new and distinctive language of abstract painting in America. Matta's work is included in many public collections, e.g., Let's Phosphoresce by Intellection, II in the Nelson Gallery–Atkins Museum, Kansas City, Mo.


See studies by W. Rubin (1957), I. Clurman (1970), and E. T. A. Smith et al. (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
Hay que recordar que desde hace mas de cinco decadas la obra de Roberto Matta ha protagonizado Importantes exposiciones: Museo de Arte Moderno de Nueva York, 1957; Instituto Contemporaneo de Boston, 1957; Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico, 1975; Palacio de Cristal del Parque del Retiro, Madrid y Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, 1983; Centro Georges Pompidou de Paris, 1985; Galeria de Arte El Caballo Verde en Concepcion y en el Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de Santiago, 1987; Museo de Artes Decorativas, Paris, 1988; Museo de Arte, Yokohama, Japon, 1993; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, 1999; Museo de la Casa de la Moneda, Madrid, 2001, entre muchos otros.
During the negotiations, organizational issues of participation of representatives of the State Committee for Tourism Development, Uzbekistan Airways and travel companies of the country with a Welcome to Uzbekistan national stand in the work of the largest in Southeast Asia international tourism fair MATTA FAIR 2018 in Kuala Lumpur on September 7-9 this year, in order to improve the tourism attractiveness of the country among Malaysian citizens, were discussed.
The founder of Cliffhangers, which stages monthly storytelling evenings in Beirut, Matta led the creative writing workshop from which these letters emerged.
Matta's is also offering customers the chance to sign up to a loyalty card to get discounts and deals on their favourite products.
Prime Minister Saad Hariri commended the move on Twitter and saluted Matta for her decision which reflects justice and teaches mutual concepts between Muslims and Christians.
The dollar shortage is worse than the dollar's increasing value against the pound since the shortage causes a decrease in the production of raw materials, Matta said Wednesday at the Egypt Builders conference.
William Matta (a psychotherapist in private practice for over 25 years, and who has also been a college psychology professor for over 30 years) has written an impressively informed and informative self-help instruction guide and manual that is especially commended to the attention of the non-specialist general reader seeking to improve the emotional and social quality of their lives.
Police had launched an investigation into the murder after Matta's relatives, who live in Ukraine, reported him missing.
En pleno trance de disolucion del surrealismo, Schuster publico en 1970 sus Developpements sur l'infra-realisme de Matta bajo el sello de Eric Losfeld, opusculo que echa una luz hasta ahora inatendida sobre el origen del movimiento infrarrealista en Mexico.
CHILEAN artist Roberto Matta's "La revolte des contraires" led Christie's Latin American art auction on Tuesday, selling for $5 million and setting a record for the artist viewed as a seminal figure bridging surrealism and abstract expressionism.
| By Ahmad Al-Furaij KUALA LUMPUR, Jan 27 (KUNA) -- Deputy Speaker of Indonesian Parliament Muhammad Anis Matta has urged nations of the Middle East to follow Kuwait's example of being ardently adherent to democracy.
El viernes 11 se cumplieron cien anos del nacimiento de Roberto Matta, pintor chileno que en 1933, al concluir sus estudios de arquitectura, abandono su natal Sanuago de manera definitiva, salvo fugaces visitas -la penultima, para asisur a la toma de poder de Salvador Allende--, ya convertido en una de las figuras legendarias de la pintura del siglo XX.