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(Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren) (rōbĕr`tō sābästyän` äntōn`yō mät`tä ĕkhär`rĕn), 1911?–2002, Chilean painter who left his native country for Paris (1935) and thereafter worked in Europe and the United States, b. Santiago. Matta was an exponent of surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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 in the group around André BretonBreton, André
, 1896–1966, French writer, founder and theorist of the surrealist movement. He studied neuropsychology and was one of the first in France to publicize the work of Freud.
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 in the late 1930s. His pictures present volatile forms engulfed in cosmic upheaval; their strange effects have been compared to science fiction. After the mid-1940s his canvases portray the interactions of various mutant creatures. He cultivated "accidents" of automatic drawing and spilled pigment in an attempt to spontaneously access the unconscious. From 1939 to 1948 Matta lived and worked in New York. There his ideas on abstraction profoundly influenced his friend Arshile GorkyGorky, Arshile
, c.1900–48, American painter, b. Armenia as Vosdanig Adoian. He escaped the Turkish slaughter of Armenians, emigrated to the United States in 1920, studied at Boston's New School of Design, and moved to New York City in 1925.
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 and were important to such exponents of abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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 as Pollock, Rothko, Baziotes, and Motherwell. It was thus that his concepts helped to develop a new and distinctive language of abstract painting in America. Matta's work is included in many public collections, e.g., Let's Phosphoresce by Intellection, II in the Nelson Gallery–Atkins Museum, Kansas City, Mo.


See studies by W. Rubin (1957), I. Clurman (1970), and E. T. A. Smith et al. (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
On the detail briefing of the delegation regarding THQ Hospital, Matta and other problems, the provincial minister told that for the provision of all medical facilities in the hospitals of district Swat including THQ Hospital Matta, he had already held a meeting with Senior Minister for health Shahram Khan Tarakai, who had directed the concerned authorities of all facilities in THQ Hospital, Matta.
Later Matta allegedly told detectives: "I am an executioner - I came here to kill the man.
Since the muscles don't have to heal back to the bone, the patient can start walking normally more quickly and with less pain," Matta said.
Da Matta said: "Dario was pretty strong but, looking at the big picture, second place was very good for us, maybe more important than some of the other wins.
To date, fifteen reverse circulation holes totaling 4,834 meters have been drilled in the Cerro Matta area.
PESHAWAR, October 13, 2010 (Frontier Star): Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Science and Information Technology, Muhammad Ayub Khan has asked the district administration Swat and authorities of other concerned departments to expedite and complete work on developmental schemes at constituency PF-84 Matta Swat immediately so that the people of flood and militancy affected areas of Matta Swat could be benefited and feel a better change in their lives.
EX-FORMULA ONE ace Cristiano da Matta is in a battle for his life after hitting a deer at 180mph while Champ Car testing.
In what was described as a night of Brazilian music - an outgrowth of Ma's latest CD, ``Obrigado Brazil'' - clarinetist Paquito D'Rivera, vocalist Rosa Passos, guitarist brothers Sergio and Odair Assad, pianist Kathryn Stott, bassist Nilson Matta and percussionist Cyro Baptista joined the cellist in a lively, eloquent concert that seamlessly mixed samba, classical and tango (Brazilian is a loose term) with touches of jazz.
The son of the Surrealist Matta (Roberto Matta-Echaurren) and the artist Anne Clark and godchild of Marcel Duchamp, with whom he played a regular game of chess in the Village, and onetime assistant to Dennis Oppenheim and Robert Smithson, Matta-Clark was nothing if not mercurial.
President Anthony Matta Treasurer John Gardell Secretary Robert Ireland
Newman will pilot the car, which will sport the Chevron logo, along with Sebastien Bourdais, Cristiano da Matta and Michael Brockman in the grueling 24-hour event.
SWAT -- Anti Terrorist Court (ATC) Tuesday awarded 19 years rigorous imprisonment to accused of terrorism, involved in firing on police mobile in Matta and killing one constable.