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Matterhorn(mä`tərhôrn), Fr. Mont Cervin, Ital. Monte Cervino, peak, c.14,700 ft (4,480 m) high, in the Pennine Alps, on the Swiss-Italian border, near Zermatt. Its distinctive pyramidal peak was formed by the enlargement of several cirques. It was first scaled in 1865 by Edward Whymper, the English mountaineer. The nearby Matterjoch (mä`təryôkh) or Théodule (tāôdül`), a pass (alt. 10,800 ft/3,292 m), links Italy with Switzerland.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a mountain peak in the Pennine Alps, on the border between Switzerland and Italy. Elevation, 4,477 m. The Matterhorn is a four-sided pyramid rising almost 1,000 m above a glacier-covered ridge.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
a mountain on the border between Italy and Switzerland, in the Pennine Alps. Height: 4477 m (14 688 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005