Matthew Fontaine Maury

Also found in: Wikipedia.
Matthew Fontaine Maury
BirthplaceSpotsylvania County, Virginia
Oceanographer, naval officer, educator

Maury, Matthew Fontaine


Born Jan. 14, 1806, in Spotsylvania, Va.; died Feb. 1, 1873, in Lexington, Va. American oceanographer and meteorologist; naval officer.

From 1842 to 1861, Maury headed the Depot of Charts and Instruments, from which the Naval Observatory and Hydrographical Office of the USA was subsequently formed. He organized the processing of log books of vessels of all countries in order to chart maps of winds and currents of the world’s oceans and charted the first map of the North Atlantic Ocean bottom. In 1847 he began publishing Notice to Mariners. Upon his initiative, the first International Conference on the Meteorology and Physical Geography of the Sea was held in Brussels in 1853. In 1855 he wrote a manual on oceanography. Maury was professor of meteorology at the Virginia Military Institute from 1868 to 1873.


The Physical Geography of the Sea and Its Meteorology. Cambridge, 1963.
Physical Geography for Schools and General Readers. London, 1864.
Manual of Geography. New York, 1925.


Lewis, C. L. Matthew Fontaine Maury: The Pathfinder of the Seas. Annapolis, 1927.
Williams, F. L. Matthew Fontaine Maury: Scientist of the Sea. New Brunswick, 1963.


Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
* A copyright deposit box from 1873, which includes a collection of maps by oceanographer and cartographer Matthew Fontaine Maury.
Stuart, Jefferson Davis, Stonewall Jackson and Matthew Fontaine Maury.
Matthew Fontaine Maury, Father of Oceanography: A Biography, 1806-1873
Matthew Fontaine Maury's insertion, to share Carl Weyprecht's credit in the "origination myth" of IPY 1 (p.
Naval Observatory, I immediately recognized Antonia Maury--but for a different reason: her cousin, Matthew Fontaine Maury, was the first superintendent of the U.S.
Undoubtedly, the most enlightening discussions in The Deepest South hinge upon two influential Americans who played major roles in the confluence between the United States and Brazil: Henry Alexander Wise in chapter four, and Matthew Fontaine Maury in chapter six.
Matthew Fontaine Maury's Physical Geography of the Sea and Its Meteorology published in 1855 (now one hundred fifty years ago) was the first textbook in the modern science of oceanography and will remain a landmark publication in the history of science.
It is a fascinating and well written story that ranges from the establishment of the observatory in 1830, as part of the Navy's Depot of Charts and Instruments under Lieutenant Louis Goldsborough, to the sixteen-and-a-half-year tenure of the longest-serving superintendent, Matthew Fontaine Maury, who led when it was first designated the National Observatory.
Matthew Fontaine Maury made sailing safer and far more efficient.
commodore Matthew Fontaine Maury. Honored as the father of oceanography, Maury would later initiate the Confederate torpedo research program as the South's most brilliant scientist.
The process of laying such a cable required some understanding of what the floor of the Atlantic Ocean was like, and the task fell to the American oceanographer Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873).
Navy Lieutenant Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873), who, after being disabled in a stagecoach accident, studied oceanography and became widely known for his pioneering work in the field of ocean mapping and charting.