Matthias Erzberger


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Erzberger, Matthias

 

Born Sept. 20, 1875, in Buttenhausen; died Aug. 26, 1921, in Bad Griesbach. German political figure.

A member of the left wing of the Catholic Center Party, Erzberger was first elected to the Reichstag in 1903. At the beginning of World War I, he advocated annexations by Germany. After the victory of the February Revolution of 1917 in Russia he urged the Reichstag to search for a way to end the war. In July of that year he sponsored a “peace resolution.” Erzberger entered the government in October 1918. He headed the German delegation in the armistice negotiations with the Entente. On Nov. 11, 1918, he signed the Compiégne Armistice. In 1919 and 1920 he served as vice-chancellor and minister of finance. Erzberger was assassinated by reactionaries.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Germaniia i Antanta: Memuary. Moscow-Petrograd, 1923.
References in periodicals archive ?
If Matthias Erzberger, whom Christopher Dowe describes as emblematic of German Catholics, unreservedly supported the war in 1914, by 1915 he was exploring peace initiatives; his efforts led to accusations of disloyalty and ultimately to his postwar assassination.
In Wagons-Lits Company carriage 2419D, the German plenipotentiary, Matthias Erzberger, a 43-year old rural schoolteacher turned politician, in deep mourning for a son who had recently died of influenza, sat down at a wide table facing the Allied Commander, Marshal Foch, Gen.
The principal victims were the Centre (Catholic) party parliamentarian Matthias Erzberger, who had signed the armistice agreement that signalled the country's catastrophic wartime defeat; Social Democrat Philipp Scheidemann, the prime minister responsible for replacing the monarchy with a republic; and, most spectacularly, Foreign Minister Walther Rathenau, a Jew whose policy of fulfilling the oppressive terms of the Versailles Treaty earned him the hatred of nationalists and anti-Semites alike.