Building on this idea, Sykes and Matza
found that rationalizations originate from an even more specific location: the criminal law itself.
El joven transgresor, segun Matza
(2014:252), no ignora o le niega validez a la ley, sino que "existe en antagonismo simbiotico con ella".
According to Sykes and Matza
, there are five common techniques of neutralization (read: rationalization/justification) for deviant acts.
But as Sykes and Matza
(and others) have shown, the moral values of criminals and non-criminals are more or less the same, so they cannot by themselves alone explain why an individual commits a criminal act while another one in similar circumstances does not.
Drawing on Sutherland's (1947) proposition that individuals learn both criminal techniques and attitudes favorable to deviant behavior, Sykes and Matza
(1957) pioneered the concept of techniques of neutralization to explain the various strategies that people employ to justify or excuse behavior generally considered deviant by larger society.
Some definitions amount to neutralization, preparing people to engage in deviance (Sykes and Matza
, 1957: 669).
Sykes & Matza
, 1957; Scott & Lyman, 1968; Sehonbach, 1980; Schlenker, 1980; Tedeschi & Reiss, 1981; Semin & Manstead, 1983).
Fein PA, Gundumalla G, Jorden A, Matza
B, Chattopadhyay J, Avram MM.
Following a brief introduction about ACT Middle East by Peter Matza
, head of publishing at ACT; Tahir bin Salim Al Amri, director-general (Treasury and Accounts), Ministry of Finance, in his keynote address cited the growing trend of corporate treasurers being asked to move beyond their traditional roles to shoulder more strategic responsibilities.
(1981) sugiere que la desviacion es producto de la sociedad y citando a Durkheim afirma que la desviacion es un rasgo comun a toda sociedad, una conducta que se opone a expectativas institucionalizadas (Cohen, citado porAniyar, 1977).
Israel Bonds president and CEO, Joshua Matza
, praised Spiegel for expanding the business and presence of IDB in the U.
First published in 1969, this work by Matza
(emeritus, sociology, U.