Maulana Abul Kalam Azad


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Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam

 

Born Sept. 11, 1888; died Feb. 22, 1958. Indian political figure and scholar. One of the leaders of the national liberation movement; a consistent advocate of unity between Hindus and Muslims. Descended from an old family of Delhi Muslim ulamas.

From 1912, Azad was a member of the Indian National Congress Party. During 1912–14 he published in Urdu the newspaper Al-Hilal (Fortnight), an organ of anti-English propaganda for the most radical segment of the Muslim bourgeois intelligentsia. Azad was one of the leaders of the campaigns of civil disobedience in 1919–22 and 1930. He headed Indian delegations in conducting negotiations with England in 1942, 1945, and 1946. He was the author of commentaries on the Koran and works on the philosophy and history of Urdu literature. In August 1947 he became minister of education in independent India.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Indiia dobivaetsia svobody. Moscow, 1961.

REFERENCE

Desai Mahadev. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. London, 1941.

L. R. POLONSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
Kathmandu [Nepal], November 17 ( ANI ): Nepal on Friday remembered India's first Education minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to celebrate the National Education Day.
9 Surender Bhutani, Maulana Azad and Indian Polity (Kolkata: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, 2006), 20.
The values of rising classes embodied in the persona of Bhagat Singh, Ambedkar, Gandhi, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and many others mainly revolved around Indian nationalism, built around the principles of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.
ICCR : Founded in 1950 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, ICCR is about the communion of cultures, a facilitator for creative dialogue with other nations.
Katyal (a publications consultant with the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, India) traces Tanvir's career trajectory from his youth in Raipur and his early influences through to the production of his most famous work, Charandas Chor.
Mohammad Iqbal, Ghubbar-e-Khaatir by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Aag Ka Durya by Quaratull Ain Haider, Nuskha Hai Wafa by Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Aabe Gumm by Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi.
According to Jagran Post, Pranab Mukherjee unveiled the tablet to students of the country on occasion of 124th birth anniversary of the country's first education minister and famous freedom fighter, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Sarojini Naidu, he called upon citizens to reflect on "whether we have honoured the great vision of these stalwarts, as a nation and as a society" in building "an alternative model for a post-colonial world through economic equity and a social revolution inspired by harmony between communities.
The whole world, as the great Indian theologian and mass leader Maulana Abul Kalam Azad used to say, is God's mosque.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, in his biography of Sarmad, mentions this falling in love and adds: "The heart that has never fallen in love is but a slab of ice, which melts but never combusts the way the heart of love-smitten Sarmad did.
The letters of wise people also help us to know about their life otherwise the story of past is not interesting at all For example the collection of letters of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad "Ghubr-e-Khatir'' has truly uncovered his experiences of political life , his personal life, etiquettes and his married life also.
Madani is studied in the light of his political contemporaries such as Gandhi and Nehru (1889-1964), while he is also frequently compared and contrasted with several Muslim personalities of his time, including Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958), Maulana Muhammad Ali (1878-1931), Maulana Abul Ala Maududi (1903-79), Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Muhammad Iqbal, Inayatullah Mashriqi Khaksar (1888-1963), and Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanawi (1863-1943).