Maulana Abul Kalam Azad


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Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam

 

Born Sept. 11, 1888; died Feb. 22, 1958. Indian political figure and scholar. One of the leaders of the national liberation movement; a consistent advocate of unity between Hindus and Muslims. Descended from an old family of Delhi Muslim ulamas.

From 1912, Azad was a member of the Indian National Congress Party. During 1912–14 he published in Urdu the newspaper Al-Hilal (Fortnight), an organ of anti-English propaganda for the most radical segment of the Muslim bourgeois intelligentsia. Azad was one of the leaders of the campaigns of civil disobedience in 1919–22 and 1930. He headed Indian delegations in conducting negotiations with England in 1942, 1945, and 1946. He was the author of commentaries on the Koran and works on the philosophy and history of Urdu literature. In August 1947 he became minister of education in independent India.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Indiia dobivaetsia svobody. Moscow, 1961.

REFERENCE

Desai Mahadev. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. London, 1941.

L. R. POLONSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
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International Students' Day is observed every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Education Minister of Independent India and Founder President of the Indian Council of Cultural Relations (ICCR).
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According to Jagran Post, Pranab Mukherjee unveiled the tablet to students of the country on occasion of 124th birth anniversary of the country's first education minister and famous freedom fighter, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. The event was marked by the presence of thousands of teachers who will make conversation through online chatting using the next-generation tablet.
But the man who stands out unwaveringly committed to India - its territorial oneness and sanctity remains Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. A patriot above all politics - personal or partisan.
The whole world, as the great Indian theologian and mass leader Maulana Abul Kalam Azad used to say, is God's mosque.