Mauna Loa

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Mauna Loa

(mou`nə lō`ə), volcano, 13,680 ft (4,170 m) high, in the S central part of the island of Hawaii, in Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkHawaii Volcanoes National Park,
209,695 acres (84,926 hectares), on Hawaii island, Hawaii; est. 1916. The park contains two of the most active volcanoes in the world—Kilauea with its fiery pit crater, called Halemaumau, and Mauna Loa with the active Mokuaweoweo crater on
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, the largest active volcano in the world. Its several craters and cones include Mokuaweoweo, one of the world's largest active calderas. Mauna Loa has erupted many times since the early 1800s, with lava flows reaching the sea at times. KilaueaKilauea
, volcano and caldera, 3,646 ft (1,111 m) deep, central Hawaii island, Hawaii, on the southeastern slope of Mauna Loa in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. One of the largest active calderas in the world, Kilauea has a circumference of c.
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, located on Mauna Loa's SE slope, is a separate volcano.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mauna Loa

 

(Hawaiian literally “long mountain”), an active shield volcano on the island of Hawaii. Elevation, 4,170 m. If the elevation of its underwater foundation, which lies at a depth of about 4,500 m, is taken into account, it is the earth’s highest volcano and largest in volume. Mauna Loa is composed of basalts. It has gentle slopes and a crater measuring about 6.5 km in circumference. Eruptions are frequent, with the last powerful one occurring in 1950. During eruptions a lava lake appears in the crater and lava flows pour out onto the slopes through cracks. The windward northern and northeastern slopes are covered by greatly diminished tropical rain forests. The leeward slopes are covered by sparse forests and savannas. There are plantations of pineapples, bananas, sugar-cane, and coffee trees on the volcano. It is the site of the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, where tropical flora is preserved. A volcanologic station is situated on Mauna Loa.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Mauna Loa

an active volcano in Hawaii, on S central Hawaii Island. Height: 4171 m (13 684 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005