Maurice Barrès

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Barrès, Maurice

 

Born Aug. 19, 1862, in Charmes, Vosges; died Dec. 4,1923, Neuilly-sur-Seine. French writer. Member of the Académie Française beginning in 1906.

Barrès’ novels In the Eyes of the Barbarians (1888), A Free Man (1889), and Berenice’s Garden (1891), which make up the trilogy The Cult of Myself, as well as the decadent book On Blood, Passion, and Death (1894), are characterized by mystical self-analysis and also by chauvinism. The comedy A Day in Parliament (1894; Russian translation, The Seamy Side, 1895) ridicules parliamentary government. The book The Enemy of the Laws (1893) contains a reactionary critique of socialism. The trilogy The Novel of National Energy, which consists of the novels The Uprooted (1897), The Call to Arms (1900), and Their Faces (1902), propounds racist ideas. The novel The Inspired Hill (1913) is pervaded by apologias for Catholicism. Barres was well known for his sarcastic attitude toward the Third Republic; however, all his accusations had a distinctly antidemocratic quality.

WORKS

Mes Cahiers, vols. 1–14. Paris, 1929–51.

REFERENCES

Rykova, N. Sovremennaia frantsuzskaia literatura. Leningrad, 1939.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Aragon, L. “Barres v nashi dni.” Sobr. soch., vol. 10. Moscow, 1961.
Lalou, R. Maurice Barrés. Paris, 1950.
Domenach, J.-M. Barres par lui-même. Paris, 1954.
Zarach, A. Bibliographie barrésienne, 1881–1948. Paris, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dando un salto notable en el tiempo, que no justifica demasiado, Detienne calibra la continuidad latente de esas ideas en un discurso de Maurice Barres a la Liga de la Patria Francesa en 1899.
From the portrayal of Germans in the Revue alsacienne illustre, a publication supported by the nationalist figure Maurice Barres, through illustrations by Henri Zislin and Hansi depicting Germans in unflattering ways, to the promotion of a French heritage in various folksongs and the ridiculing of Germans in the Alsatian Theater, Klein posits that Alsatian identity was neither French nor German but an admixture of both.
This influential strain of nationalism, championed by right-wing ideologues like Charles Maurras and Maurice Barres, promoted Gallic superiority (over dark-skinned Mediterranean races), militarism, monarchism, anti-Semitism, and the image of France as an organic unity.
Regionalism is frequently populist in spirit because based so strongly in culture and language or dialect--the regional-centred, culture-affirming novels of Maurice Barres (Colette Baudoche especially) provide interesting reading in this regard, and Barres was an ardent backer of Boulanger.
En la agonia del siglo XIX, el nacionalismo aparecio en la lengua francesa, gracias a Maurice Barres, quien en 1892 rehabilito una palabra apenas usada previamente durante la Revolucion Francesa y la utilizo como un llamado a los jovenes franceses para que descreyeran de lo universal, representado reprobablemente por los reformados y los judios.
He begins with an analysis of the public conflict between Emile Zola and Maurice Barres over the Dreyfus Affair.
Mauriac always claimed to see himself as a poet first and foremost, and it was a favourable review of his first collection of poems by Maurice Barres in 1910 that launched his literary career; but both the critics and the wider reading public proved reluctant to recognize him as such during his lifetime, much to his regret.
Finn, "Rachilde, Maurice Barres and the Preface to Monsieur Venus," Romanic Review 91.
AL comentar lo dicho por Maurice Barres (1862-1923) a proposito de Venecia, Ruben Dario (1867-1916) afirma que si Venecia muere no es por el efecto desgastador de los siglos, sino por las constantes profanaciones de los literatos que buscan en ella la decoracion adecuada para sus novelas (Obras completas, 964).
The story goes that Saunders Lewis was in the trenches in Belgium in 1916 when he was introduced to the writing of the French author Maurice Barres.
One of the minor literary scandals of the Parisian New Year in 1889 was the appearance of a new edition of Rachilde's novel of androgyny, Monsieur Venus, prefaced by Maurice Barres.