Maurice Duverger


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Duverger, Maurice

 

Born June 5, 1917, in Angoulême, department of Charente. French scholar and political scientist; professor of political sociology at the University of Paris (1955) and political columnist for Le Monde and Nouvel Observateur. He graduated from the faculty of law at Bordeaux. Known for his work in political science.

Duverger’s works represent a departure from the juridical method of studying the political organization of society and call for a sociological approach to political institutions and processes. His work is chiefly directed toward investigating the sociology of political parties and political regimes, constructing a general theory of politics, and analyzing the methods of political science. Although his views on the nature of political power, the state, and democracy contain a number of interesting theses, they do not on the whole extend beyond the traditional bounds of bourgeois scholarship and are eclectic and inconsistent. With regard to the period of industrial capitalism, for example, Duverger acknowledges the correctness of the Marxist description of the bourgeois state; however, he regards the contemporary bourgeois state as a pluralistic democracy. Duverger may be regarded as a bourgeois scholar of liberal views; he is opposed to the remilitarization of West Germany, colonial wars, and neofascism.

WORKS

Les Constitutions de la France. Paris, 1943. Seventh edition; Paris, 1961.
Les Partis politiques. Paris, 1951. Fifth edition; Paris, 1964.
Démain, la République. … Paris [1958].
Les Méthodes de la science politique. Paris, 1959.
De la Dictature. Paris [1961].
La Sixième République et le régime présidentiel. Paris [1961].
Introduction à la politique. [Paris, 1964.]
Les Méthodes des sciences sociales, 3rd ed. Paris, 1964.
La Sociologie politique. Paris, 1966. Third edition; Paris, 1968.
La Democratic sans le peuple. Paris, 1967.

V. N. DANILENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
Il s'agit d'une transition des [beaucoup moins que]Constitutions des programmes[beaucoup plus grand que] a une [beaucoup moins que]Constitution de droits[beaucoup plus grand que], comme disait l'eminent politologue et constitutionaliste Maurice Duverger. Or, le veritable probleme consiste dans le fait que [beaucoup moins que]l'acteur politique[beaucoup plus grand que], en l'occurrence les partis, n'ont pas ete en mesure de suivre cette tendance et plusieurs articles sont restes inappliques jusqu'a nos jours.
Munoz Ledo tambien se revindica alumno de Mario de la Cueva, en la Facultad de Derecho de la UNAM, y de Maurice Duverger, en La Sorbona, donde realizo estudios doctorales.
Coinciden los teoricos de la ciencia politica Maurice Duverger y Giovanni Sartori que el objetivo principal de un partido politico es obtener y conservar el poder en funcion de una determinada plataforma ideologica.
En primer lugar, una afirmacion de Michel Troper, quien en contraposicion a Maurice Duverger (1917-2014)--para quien el Derecho constitucional no describe la realidad del poder, por lo cual creia necesario virar hacia la sociologia--considera que "la ciencia de Derecho constitucional y la Historia constitucional describen tambien una realidad, una realidad que no es la transmision y el funcionamiento del poder, sino un modo de argumentacion, que produce, el tambien, efectos sociales y politicos" (p.
French sociologist Maurice Duverger theorized in the 1950s that this kind of setup leads to what is effectively a two-party system.
Lincoln's eloquent formula will have to be rewritten, Maurice Duverger stressed in Political Parties, as a government for the people by an elite sprung from the people.
(14.) Maurice Duverger, Siyasi Partiler (Political Parties), tr.
As such, the practical evolution of the premier-presidential semi-presidentialisms, and therefore of the system of Romania--particularly his capacity to maintain the standards of democratic functioning, if not to facilitate the democratic consolidation--it is necessary to be done through non-constitutional factors through what Maurice Duverger called, within its analytical model, endogenous features--(c) the composition of the parliamentary majority, and (d) the President's position relative to this majority (Duverger, 1980: 166, 177) [the exogenous characteristics being are (a) the actual content of the Constitution and (b) the combination of tradition and circumstances].
En ese contexto, resolver el "desafio de la calle" en buena medida pasa por reformar el sistema electoral binominal, abriendo opciones para caminar hacia una "democracia gobernante", como expresa Jose Antonio Viera-Gallo, citando a Maurice Duverger, en el otro articulo que sobre el tema presenta la senalada edicion de Mensaje.
La prevaricacion del lenguaje y de la libertad y derecho constitucional en Bertrand Russell y Maurice Duverger. 4.
As noted by Maurice Duverger, "the nature of a political party is the most important variable impacting the number of female candidates, with two kinds of parties seeming to exercise the strongest attraction: parties of the Left (socialist and communist), on the one hand, and Christian parties on the other." (7) Interestingly, while there are no Christian parties in New Brunswick, the highest recruitment of women did in fact occur in the left-leaning parties, i.e.
Las aportaciones de Leon Duguit y Maurice Hauriou en sus respectivos trabajos, dejaron una huella decisiva en la generacion de jovenes que a partir de la decada de 1950 comienzan a desarrollar la disciplina --entre quienes destacan Georges Burdeau, Maurice Duverger y Jean Meynaud-- cuyas investigaciones muestran una clara inclinacion por los estudios institucionales.