Maurice Ravel

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Ravel, Maurice

(mōrēs` rävĕl`), 1875–1937, French composer, b. in the Pyrenees. He entered the Paris Conservatory in 1889, where he was later a student of Fauré. Ravel became a leading exponent of impressionismimpressionism,
in music, a French movement in the late 19th and early 20th cent. It was begun by Debussy in reaction to the dramatic and dynamic emotionalism of romantic music, especially that of Wagner.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Along with Debussy, with whom he had an affinity of style, he led French music away from Wagnerian romanticism. He composed highly original, fluid music within the outlines of classical forms. Ravel excelled at piano composition and orchestration, often scoring his own piano pieces and works by other composers. Among his piano compositions are Pavane pour une infante défunte (1899), Jeux d'eau (1901), Gaspard de la nuit (1908), Valses nobles et sentimentales (1911), Le Tombeau de Couperin (1917), and Concerto in D Major, for left hand (1931). His orchestral works include Rhapsodie Espagnole (1908) and Bolero (1928); he is also known for his orchestration of Modest Moussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition (1922). Other works are the song cycle Shéhérazade (1903), two operas, the chamber piece Tzigane, and ballets such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912), Ma Mère l'Oye (1912), and La Valse (1920).


See A. Orenstein, ed., A Ravel Reader: Correspondence, Articles, Interviews (2003); biographies by M. Goss (1940), V. I. Seroff (1953), H. H. Stuckenschmidt (tr. 1968), A. Orenstein (1975), B. Ivry (2000), and R. Nichols (2011); study by R. Nichols (1977).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2.) Maurice Ravel, Ma Mere L'oye (Mother Goose Suite)for one piano, four hands, eds.
She became fascinated with the music of Maurice Ravel, particularly his one-movement orchestral piece Bolero.
Most of us are familiar with Maurice Ravel's orchestration of Mussorgsky's piano portraits, Pictures at an Exhibition, but few of us have probably heard Stokowski's orchestration of them.
As the Maurice Ravel music picked up momentum, I thought of Maurice Bejart's brilliant version, in which a woman (or sometimes a man) danced alone on a huge table surrounded by a lusting ensemble of men.
To loud, discordant music by Maurice Ravel and Christopher Rouse, the dancers charge around in frenetic fashion.
Benjamin Ivry is a poet (Paradise for the Portuguese Queen), biographer (Maurice Ravel; Arthur Rimbaud; Francis Poulenc), and translator (Albert Camus: A Life; The Memoirs of Balthus).
Canuck arts documentarian Larry Weinstein took the director award for "Ravel's Brain," about French composer Maurice Ravel.
1937: Death of Bolero composer Maurice Ravel. 1990: Italians vote Diego Maradonna their most-hated person.
He also utilized the techniques of French classical composers Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel.
In one poignant case, French composer Maurice Ravel developed a progressive brain disease of unknown origin that first robbed him of the ability to write and to perform many basic motor skills.
Wordsquare: RESERVOIR erosive, error, errs, ever, osier, over, revise, reviser, rise, riser, river, rose, rove, rover, roves, seer, serve, server, servo, sever, sieve, sire, soiree, sore, sorer, sorrier, veer, veers, Quiz: 1 Dr Nikki Alexander; 2 David; 3 A lizard; 4 Maurice Ravel;
33 by Camille Saint-Saens, Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune by Claude Debussy and Ma mere l'Oye Suite by Maurice Ravel.