Maurice de Vlaminck

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Vlaminck, Maurice de

(mōrēs` də vlämăNk`), 1876–1958, French painter, writer, and printmaker. At first an avid racing cyclist, he supported himself (c.1900) as a musician and taught himself to paint. Vlaminck early adopted the strident palette and twisted lines of Van Gogh. He rejected the intellectual approach of cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, but became associated with fauvismfauvism
[Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy.
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, applying exuberant colors to the canvas directly from the paint tube. Vlaminck was one of the first artists to be influenced by African sculpture. He advanced from the fauvist style to paint strong, often grim landscapes (e.g., Village in the Snow, Philadelphia Mus. of Art). He repeated these so often that they lost much of their original power. Vlaminck also wrote several novels and books of reminiscences.


See his autobiography tr. by M. Ross (1967); illustrated biographies by P. MacOrlan (1958) and J. Selz (1963).

Vlaminck, Maurice de


Born Apr. 4, 1876, in Paris; died Oct. 11, 1958, in Rueil-la-Gadeliere, in Orleans. French painter.

Vlaminck was a self-educated exponent of fauvism who was influenced by Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Cézanne. His early landscapes are dynamic in composition (Red Trees, 1906, National Museum of Modern Art in Paris; and Barges on the Seine, 1907, A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow) full of tense contrasts and dazzlingly bright colors; his later landscapes (Rueil-la-Gadelière, beginning of the 1930’s, private collection) are distinguished by dramatic expressiveness and heavy, gloomy colors. Vlaminck also painted portraits and still lifes and did some easel drawings and black-and-white book illustrations.


Selz, J. Vlaminck. Paris, 1963