Maurice de Vlaminck
Also found in: Dictionary
Vlaminck, Maurice de
Vlaminck, Maurice de (mōrēsˈ də vlämăNkˈ)
, 1876–1958, French painter, writer, and printmaker. At first an avid racing cyclist, he supported himself (c.1900) as a musician and taught himself to paint. Vlaminck early adopted the strident palette and twisted lines of Van Gogh. He rejected the intellectual approach of cubism
, but became associated with fauvism
, applying exuberant colors to the canvas directly from the paint tube. Vlaminck was one of the first artists to be influenced by African sculpture. He advanced from the fauvist style to paint strong, often grim landscapes (e.g., Village in the Snow,
Philadelphia Mus. of Art). He repeated these so often that they lost much of their original power. Vlaminck also wrote several novels and books of reminiscences.
See his autobiography tr. by M. Ross (1967); illustrated biographies by P. MacOrlan (1958) and J. Selz (1963).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
Vlaminck, Maurice de
Born Apr. 4, 1876, in Paris; died Oct. 11, 1958, in Rueil-la-Gadeliere, in Orleans. French painter.
Vlaminck was a self-educated exponent of fauvism who was influenced by Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Cézanne. His early landscapes are dynamic in composition (Red Trees, 1906, National Museum of Modern Art in Paris; and Barges on the Seine, 1907, A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow) full of tense contrasts and dazzlingly bright colors; his later landscapes (Rueil-la-Gadelière, beginning of the 1930’s, private collection) are distinguished by dramatic expressiveness and heavy, gloomy colors. Vlaminck also painted portraits and still lifes and did some easel drawings and black-and-white book illustrations.
REFERENCESelz, J. Vlaminck. Paris, 1963
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.