Maurya

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Maurya

(mou`əryə), ancient Indian dynasty, c.325–c.183 B.C., founded by ChandraguptaChandragupta
(Chandragupta Maurya) , fl. c.321 B.C.–c.298 B.C., Indian emperor, founder of the Maurya dynasty and grandfather of Aśoka. He conquered the Magadha kingdom (in modern Bihar and Jharkhand) and eventually controlled all India N of the Vindhya Hills. In c.
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 (Chandragupta Maurya). He conquered the Magadha kingdom and established his capital at Pataliputra (now Patna). His son, Bindusara (d. c.273), and his grandson, AśokaAśoka
or Ashoka,
d. c.232 B.C., Indian emperor (c.273–c.232 B.C.) of the Maurya dynasty; grandson of Chandragupta. One of the greatest rulers of ancient India, he brought nearly all India, together with Baluchistan and Afghanistan, under one sway for the
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, the most notable ruler of ancient India, for the first time in history brought nearly all India, together with Afghanistan, under one rule. The culture of the Mauryan empire represents the first great flowering of Indian civilization, not to be equaled until the coming of the Gupta dynasty.

Maurya

 

a dynasty of the kings of Magadha from the fourth through the second centuries B.C.; the name of the largest state formation in the history of ancient India.

Candragupta Maurya (ruled 317-293 B.C.), the founder of the dynasty, united northwestern India and eastern Afghanistan with Magadha. Bindusara (ruled 293-268 B.C.) apparently widened the borders of the Mauryan empire in Deccan. The Mauryan empire achieved its greatest power under Asoka (ruled 268-232 B.C.), who conquered the state of Kalinga and attempted to centralize state government. During Asoka’s reign, cultural and economic ties with the outside world increased considerably.

At the end of the third century B.C., the Mauryan empire began to decline. In 180 B.C., Brhadratha, the last Mauryan emperor, was overthrown and killed by his commander in chief Pusyamitra, who founded the Sunga dynasty. Dates of Maurya rule are based on the latest research.

G. F. IL’IN

Maurya

mother loses six sons in the sea. [Br. Lit.: Riders to the Sea]
See: Despair
References in periodicals archive ?
In light of these statements, it is reasonable to believe that the Sanskrit version 'Rohingya' and the Pali version 'Rakhine' diverged beginning at the time of the Mauryan rule of Dhannyawady Kingdom.
The spread began with the rise of Magadha, whose location gave it privileged access to the eastern elephant forests and enabled it to incorporate organized war elephants into its army, further facilitating its conquest of much of north India, spreading the institution of the war elephant beyond its origins (a spread later continued in the succeeding Mauryan empire).
One wrote a "Jack and the Beanstalk" tale that explained the accession of Cyrus the Great and creation of the Achaemenid dynasty in Persia, while another wrote a "Beauty and the Beast" story that transformed the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka into the beast after the Battle of Kalinga and used his conversion to Buddhism as the cause of his transformation back to human form.
From his name he was probably a prince of the Satavahana dynasty that controlled the Deccan after the breakup of the Mauryan empire and the assassination of the last of the Mauryas in 187 BCE.
One of the four key Buddhist pilgrimage sites, as acknowledged by the Buddha himself, it was traditionally thought that the earliest archaeological evidence of Buddhist structures at Lumbini dated no earlier than the Third Century BC, linked to the patronage of the Mauryan Emperor Asoka and associated with his pillar inscription that identified the site as the birthplace of the Buddha.
Think, Morris suggests, of the Roman Empire, Han China, Mauryan India or the nations of 18th-century Europe.
According to Kalhan, the Mauryan emperor Ashoka annexed Kashmir in 250 B.
It was the first capital of the Magadha kingdom which later became the Mauryan empire.
They defy the fact that out of the past 6000 years of the known history of this region, Pakistan existed as an independent and separate entity from rest of the Indian sub-continent for about 5300 years, and has been a part of India for only a short period of 711 years of which 512 years were covered by the Muslim period and about 100 years each by the Mauryan (mostly Buddhist) and British (Christian) periods.
Some of his rare collection includes a 2,500-year-old Indian coin from the Mauryan dynasty of Emperor Ashoka, a gold coin issued by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and a gold 'fanam' minted in AD1776 by Tipu Sultan of Mysore.
Further archaeological investigation suggests that Mahasthangarh was the provincial capital of the Mauryan, the Guptas and the Palas empires.
44, 47)--were reported by Megasthenes, the circa 300 BCE Greek ambassador to the Mauryan court, as ethnography, and so the perennial European traditions of the Sciapoda ("Shade-Feet") and other "monstrous races" was born (Wittkower 1942: 164).