Mausolus


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Mausolus

(môsō`ləs), d. 353 B.C., Persian satrap, ruler over CariaCaria
, ancient region of SW Asia Minor, S of the Maeander River, which separated it from Lydia. The territory is in present SW Asian Turkey. The Carians were probably a native people, but their region was settled by both Dorian and Ionian colonists.
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 (c.376–353 B.C.). He was always more or less independent. One of the satraps who revolted against Artaxerxes IIArtaxerxes II,
d. 358 B.C., king of ancient Persia (404–358 B.C.), son and successor of Darius II. He is sometimes called in Greek Artaxerxes Mnemon [the thoughtful]. Early in his reign Cyrus the Younger attempted to assassinate him and seize the throne.
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, he later allied himself with the Persian kings. He extended his power greatly, even to hegemony over Rhodes. After his death his wife, Artemisia, erected at Halicarnassus a tomb that he had planned, called the mausoleummausoleum
, a sepulchral structure or tomb, especially one of some size and architectural pretension, so called from the sepulcher of that name at Halicarnassus, Asia Minor, erected (c.352 B.C.) in memory of Mausolus of Caria.
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Mausolus

 

a Hellenistic ruler in Asia Minor from 377/76 to 353/52 B.C. He was called a Persian satrap, but in reality he was independent of Persian rule.

Mausolus’ territory consisted of the district of Caria, part of the territory of Lycia, the city of Heraclea in Latmos, the city of lasos, and part of Lydia. His rule in fact included the islands of Rhodes, Cos, and Chios, with whom Mausolus concluded a treaty of alliance. In the 460’s B.C., Mausolus moved the capital of his state to Halicarnassus, where he built many palaces and temples. The great Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (the tomb of Mausolus), erected after his death on the instructions of his wife, Aŕtemisia, was considered in antiquity to be one of the seven wonders of the world.

REFERENCE

Buscher, E. Mausollus und Alexander. Berlin, 1950.
References in classic literature ?
The queen Artemisia buried her husband Mausolus in a tomb which was reckoned one of the seven wonders of the world; but none of these tombs, or of the many others of the heathens, were ornamented with winding-sheets or any of those other offerings and tokens that show that they who are buried there are saints."
A Carian of Halicarnassus and brother of Artemisia, wife of Mausolus, who distinguished herself in war...
99) is here confused with the later Artemisia, the wife of Mausolus, who died 350 B.C.
Bodrum amphitheatre dates back to the reign of Mausolus, a ruler of Persian nobility.
It contains the ashes of Mausolus. [...] The old servant is a mute witness of this exemplary action, the narrative context of which he [the old servant] provides and which he characterises by his oriental dress as an event in the ancient world.
The story is, however, based on historical accounts of the widow queen of King Mausolus as told by several authors from the first to the sixteenth centuries, among them Pliny the Elder (A.D.
Wikipedia states that this peninsula is believed to have been the location of Mausolus' palace built near the site of an early Classical temple of Apollo; however, some authorities prefer to place the presumed venue of the palace on the mainland just north of the peninsula.
One might be the steeple of St George's, Bloomsbury, where (now restored) lions and unicorns act out the old rhyme ('The lion and the unicorn were fighting for the crown ...') by chasing each other around its summit--a stepped pyramid, an imaginary reminiscence of the Tomb of Mausolus, at Halicarnassus, on top of which a statue of George I was plonked.
The Turquoise Coast, or Turkish Riviera, is home to two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World - the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum of Mausolus at Halicarnassus.
In which country is Halicarnassus, the ancient site of the tomb of Mausolus? 9.
Another must-see is the Myndus Gate, built by Mausolus in 364BC and recently restored.
Mausolus, the king of Caria in southwest Asia Minor, was buried beneath this monument in what is now Bodrum, Turkey.