Mauthausen


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Mauthausen

 

a fascist German concentration camp. It was established in July 1938, 4 km from the town of Mauthausen (Austria) as a “branch” of the Dachau concentration camp. It was disaffiliated from the latter in March 1939.

From 1938 to 1945 about 335,000 persons from many countries were imprisoned at Mauthausen. Just on the basis of records that have been preserved, more than 122,000 persons (including more than 32,000 Soviet citizens) were savagely murdered at the camp. At Mauthausen an underground resistance organization, created by Communists and headed by an international camp committee, led a revolt on May 5-7, 1945.

After World War II a memorial museum was established at the site of the Mauthausen camp. In 1948 a monument was erected at Mauthausen for D. M. Karbyshev, who was tortured to death there in February 1945.

REFERENCE

SS v deistvii: Dokumenty o prestupleniiakh SS. Moscow, 1960. Pages 284-96. (Translated from German.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, Eva will be visiting Mauthausen in just over a week after an invitation extended to the Austrian government to around 20 survivors who are able to travel for the opening of a new exhibition.
The rest of his family were sent to Mauthausen Camp (Austria), with detainees from Auschwitz and Dachau.
Also, from the infamous Mauthausen prison camp in Austria, run by Himmler's Gestapo, there were rifles with SS and death's head marks, preserving a history that we must never forget.
Karl Lotter, who was a prisoner in the hospital at Mauthausen concentration camp near Linz, Austria, witnessed Heim's vile crimes.
Arrested and sent to the Mauthausen concentration camp, he becomes a personal artist to his SS captors.
It's shown in support of the UK Jewish Film Festival and is a controversial documentary about the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria.
He is exploring, in a complex, subtle and mostly uncensorious way how the modern inhabitants of a quiet Austrian town deal with the unspeakable literally in their backyards--the Nazi concentration camp Mauthausen, site of the violent deaths of well over 100,000 people, many worked to death or gassed.
Committed Brit docu-helmer Rex Bloomstein continues his career-long engagement with anti-Semitism and the Holocaust in "KZ," a low-key but increasingly disturbing portrait of contempo guides and visitors at the Nazi concentration camp Mauthausen and of villagers in the Austrian town.
"After his liberation from Mauthausen concentration camp in May 1945, he devoted his entire life to bringing the Nazi perpetrators of the Holocaust to trial"He was tireless in his efforts and he gave the Jewish communities in the UK and around the world a lifetime of service, and future generations will forever be indebted to him."
In one sequence in the Mauthausen concentration camp near Linz, Lacoue-Labar the quotes the most scandalous of Heidegger's postwar remarks: "Agriculture is now a motorized food industry, the same thing in its essence as the production of corpses in the gas chambers and the extermination camps, the same thing as blockades and the reduction of countries to famine, the same thing as the manufacture of hydrogen bombs." "I don't want to stupidly accuse Heidegger of having been a Nazi," Lacoue-Labar the says, as if that would be too vulgar--an odd statement, since Heidegger was a Nazi.
Asimismo, otra superviviente espanola, Rosa Toran, la presidenta en funciones de la Asociacion Amical de Mauthausen --de la que era presidente Marco hasta pocos dias antes de confesar que su condicion de superviviente era una completa mentira, razon por la cual ya no pudo decir el discurso oficial durante la conmemoracion en Alemania del sexagesimo aniversario de la liberacion de Mauthausen el pasado 8 de mayo-- declaro: "Sentimos un dolor tremendo.
Vati and Februarschatten are also texts which refer closely to extratextual persons and events: to Josef Mengele's death, and a collective lynching of Russian war prisoners who had escaped from Mauthausen in February 1945.