Mauthausen


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Mauthausen

 

a fascist German concentration camp. It was established in July 1938, 4 km from the town of Mauthausen (Austria) as a “branch” of the Dachau concentration camp. It was disaffiliated from the latter in March 1939.

From 1938 to 1945 about 335,000 persons from many countries were imprisoned at Mauthausen. Just on the basis of records that have been preserved, more than 122,000 persons (including more than 32,000 Soviet citizens) were savagely murdered at the camp. At Mauthausen an underground resistance organization, created by Communists and headed by an international camp committee, led a revolt on May 5-7, 1945.

After World War II a memorial museum was established at the site of the Mauthausen camp. In 1948 a monument was erected at Mauthausen for D. M. Karbyshev, who was tortured to death there in February 1945.

REFERENCE

SS v deistvii: Dokumenty o prestupleniiakh SS. Moscow, 1960. Pages 284-96. (Translated from German.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The party's current leader, Heinz-Christian Strache, once said that the persecution of the far-right in Austria was comparable to that faced by Jews during the Nazi era; Die Aula, a far-right magazine with strong links to the FPAaAaAeAu, recently published an article that assert that the survivors of the Mauthausen concentration camp were a "national plague" and "criminals.
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Peter was arrested during a raid in Amsterdam and sent to a concentration camp in the Netherlands and from there to the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria.
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The back-story moves effortlessly from Weimar Germany to the rise of Hitler (Peltzer spent four years in the Mauthausen concentration camp), through to the end of the war, a divided Germany, Peltzer's enforced exile, and then his work as a coach of underprivileged children in India before his death from heart failure in 1970.
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Aribert Heim, a doctor at Mauthausen concentration camp, killed hundreds of inmates.
Now, weighing less than five stones and at full term (Anka had luckily been given baggy clothes which hid her pregnancy), they arrived at the most notorious death camp of Mauthausen, where she was thrown onto a farmer's cart on top of the sick, diseased and dying.
Then, at the 65th anniversary of the liberation of Mauthausen, Eva, E Hana and Mark met for the first time, becoming 'siblings of the heart.