Max Adler


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Adler, Max

 

Born Jan. 15, 1873; died June 18, 1937. Austrian philosopher, representative of Austro-Marxism; professor at the University of Vienna. He published, with R. Hilferding, the research series Marxstudien.

Adler interpreted Kant’s “thing-in-itself” in the spirit of neo-Kantian subjective idealism as a “thing-in-the-mind.” While acknowledging the dialectical method, Adler nonetheless perverted it into a doctrine of the reduction of all existence to functional connections between those phenomena in which “there is simply no place for material substance.” Adler claimed that the Marxist theory of history had no relation to philosophical materialism and that it represented historical positivism (the “theory of social experience”). Adler viewed the “social” as a special form of perception that is characteristic of cognition. Relations of production became in his interpretation “phenomena of spiritual life.”

Adler actively participated in the political activity of the Austrian Social Democratic Party. During World War I, as one of the leaders of the left opposition (O. Bauer’s group), he sharply criticized the social-patriotic policy of the party leadership. During the Austrian Revolution of 1918, he defended the policy of the Social Democrats’ participation in the bourgeois government. Subsequently, while remaining in the left wing of the Social Democratic Party, he demanded intensification of the struggle against fascism and pointed out the “distastrous consequences” of opportunist tactics.

WORKS

Marxistische Probleme. Stuttgart, 1913.
Kant und der Marxismus. Berlin, 1925.
Lehrbuch der materialistischen Geschichtsauffassung, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1930–32.
Die Solidarische Gesellschaft. Vienna, 1964.
Natur und Gesellschaft. Vienna, 1964.
In Russian translation:
Marksizm kak proletarskoe uchenie o zhizne. Petrograd, 1923.
Marks kak myslitel’. Foreword by M. Serebriakov. Leningrad-Moscow, 1924.
Engels kak myslitel’. Foreword by M. Serebriakov. Leningrad-Moscow, 1924.

REFERENCE

Heintel, P. System und Ideologie: Der Austromarxismus im Spiegel der Philosophie M. Adlers. Munich, 1967.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII and V. M. TUROK

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
1883 -- Max Adler, concert violinist, vice president of Sears & Roebuck, benefactor of Adler Planetarium
Coleman, Ricky Williams, Michael Welch, Josh Sussman, Max Adler, Tim Bagley, Jenna Willis, Wendy Davis, Zachery Ty Bryan, Mark Clayman, Katrina Bowden, Randy Wayne, Don Walllace, Clint Howard, and Teri Andrez.
When a new threat named (http://www.ibtimes.com/flash-season-4-spoilers-glee-alum-max-adler-guest-star-2647119) Jaco Birch (Max Adler ) is unleashed on Central City, Barry is left with no choice but to serve as the team leader and let Iris takes on the mantle of The Flash in order to defeat their new foe.
Max Adler, a vice president for Sears, Roebuck and Co., was on a mission to bring the night sky home to Chicago.
Part of a two-volume set, this first volume aims to bring a wide-ranging and representative selection of the works of Austro-MarxismAEs leading thinkers, including Otto Bauer, Karl Renner, Rudolf Hilferding, Max Adler, Friedrich Adler, and Otto Neurath to an English-speaking audience.
Also, Rachel's pals, engaged gay couple Kurt (Chris Colfer) and Blaine (Darren Criss) had broken up; the latter is now dating a former bullyturnedopenly gay friend, Karofsky (Max Adler).
CAST: Stephen Lang, Alexa Vega, Mark Hapka, Max Adler, Kim Zimmer, Bram Hoover, Becky Ann Baker, Dylan Baker, Kevin Cooney, Scott Sowers, Timothy Busfield, Fred Thompson
Happy days: Lacey Gartland and mum Jenny, from Solihull and stars of the show Max Adler (centre), who plays Dave Karofsky, and Iqbal Theba, who plays Principal Figgins.
Max Adler plays bully boy and McKinley High athlete Dave Karofsky and admitted he was shocked at how successful the show had become.
"K is PQ and Ka is PK (sic)," Nicole wrote, leading to speculation that Kurt (Chris Colfer) will be Prom Queen and bully, Dave Karofsky (Max Adler) is Prom King in a gay storyline.
S.R., Edinburgh CONGRATS to Chris Colfer and Max Adler from the Glee cast for an awesome episode that hit the nail on the head about homophobic bullying.
Begun as a gift to the people of Chicago from Max Adler, who also built the city's planetarium, the collection today holds 85 antique telescopes.