Max Beckmann

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Beckmann, Max

(mäks bĕk`män), 1884–1950, German painter. A member of the Berlin secessionsecession,
in art, any of several associations of progressive artists, especially those in Munich, Berlin, and Vienna, who withdrew from the established academic societies or exhibitions. The artists of Munich formed a secession in 1892 that spread to other German cities.
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 from 1908 to 1911, he was impressionistic in his early style. A subsequent expressionistic phase was altered c.1917 by the savage new objectivitynew objectivity
(Ger. Neue Sachlichkeit), German art movement of the 1920s. The chief painters of the movement were George Grosz and Otto Dix, who were sometimes called verists.
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 of George GroszGrosz, George
, 1893–1959, German-American caricaturist, draughtsman, and painter, b. Berlin. Before and during World War I he contributed drawings on proletarian themes to Illustration and other German periodicals. He was associated with the Dada group at that time.
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. Beckmann developed a richer, more personal, more dramatic, and more symbolic art in the 1920s. The power of his allegorical expressionism increased through the war years, which he spent in Amsterdam after fleeing Nazi Germany in 1937. Beckmann came to the United States in 1947 and taught at Washington Univ., St. Louis, and at the Brooklyn Museum School, New York City. His well-known triptych, Departure (1932–35; Mus. of Modern Art, N.Y.C.) is one of 18 powerful monumental triptychs that culminated in The Argonauts (1950).


See B. C. Buenger, Max Beckmann: Self-Portrait in Words: Collected Writings and Statements (1997); S. Bieber and B. Buenger, ed., Max Beckmann (2003); R. Spieler, Beckmann (2011); H. Belting and B. M. Burgi, Max Beckmann: The Landscapes (2011); D. Anfam et al., Beckmann and America (2012); K. Schick and H. Gassner, ed. Max Beckmann: The Still Lifes (2015).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Max Beckmann, German painter, printmaker, and draftsman.
While living with her mother's cousin, whose husband was the editor of the Frankfurter Zeitung and an early patron of Max Beckmann, she first met Beckmann and saw his paintings.
The deaccessioned works include paintings by Amadeo Modigliani, Camille Pissarro, Georges Rouault, Robert Delaunay and Max Beckmann; works on paper by Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Edgar Degas, Patti Klee and Fernand Leger; and sculptures by Alberto Giacometti and Henry Moore.
As libidinous businessman Preysing, who makes a purse-lipped yet queasy play for Flaemmchen, the wonderful Martyn Ellis looks as if he could have stepped out of one of the Max Beckmann paintings of the period, while Gary Raymond's battered, morphine-addicted doctor sets the right sardonic mood for a piece that in itself doesn't surprise even as Grandage and company bring it to stirring, grim-faced life
He comments that his work never aspires to a 'state of grace'; comparing his own practice to a painting by Max Beckmann, he argues that Beckmann's work 'marks a spot where optimism is kept in check and nihilism is kept at bay'.
Consider Max Beckmann's The Way Home, the first plate in Hell (1919), a portfolio of ten large black and white lithographs that can be seen in New York at the extraordinary exhibition of his work at MoMA-Queens (until September 29).
Sebald's voice is inimitable and at the same time contains the eschatological echoes of other voices: Walter Benjamin, Stefan Zweig, Max Beckmann, Kurt Tucholsky, Harry Kessler, Brecht, Kurt Weill, Karl Kraus.
More importantly, the Imperial Reich government deemed contemporary artists like Max Beckmann or Lovis Corinth inappropriate for an international exhibition.
PERHAPS THE LEAST KNOWN of the great artists of the first half of the twentieth century, Max Beckmann was also one of the most introverted and apolitical.
The wonderful painter Max Beckmann, dismissed from his professorship and labelled 'degenerate', came to London for an exhibition in 1938 but preferred to spend the war in Amsterdam before emigrating to America.