Max Dvorák

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Dvořák, Max

 

Born June 24, 1874, in Raudnitz, Austria-Hungary, now Roudnice, Czechoslovakia; died Feb. 8, 1921, at the Grussbach (Hruŝovany) castle near Znojmo, Czechoslovakia. Austrian art historian, a Czech by nationality.

Dvořák studied at the universities of Prague and Vienna and began teaching at the University of Vienna in 1902, where he became a professor in 1909. He was a member of the Academy of Sciences in Vienna and joined the so-called Viennese school of art analysis. In his works, which were principally on the art of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and the baroque period, Dvořák skillfully traced and established the dependence of art on the spiritual life, philosophy, aesthetics, and theological ideas of its epoch. An idealist, Dvořák regarded art history as “the history of the spirit.”

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1–5. Munich, 1924–29.
In Russian translation:
Ocherki po iskusstvu srednevekov’ia
. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.

REFERENCE

Neumann, J. “Das Werk M. Dvořáks und die Gegenwart.” Acta Historiae Artium, vol. 8, fascs. 3–4. Budapest, 1962.
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Chapter 1 demonstrates how Panofsky's authoritative account of the canonical masters Hans Memling and Hugo van der Goes consolidates the Hegelian criteria of naturalism and genius, enshrined in the nationalist scholarship of Max Friedlander, Wilhelm Worringer, and Max Dvorak, among others.
Since the early twentieth century, Goltzius's reputation has been wrapped up with that of Mannerism, itself a supposedly malformed, anticlassical phenomenon rehabilitated only in the 1920s by expressionist historians like Max Dvorak and Max Friedlander.