Max Hölz

(redirected from Max Holz)

Hölz, Max

 

Born Oct. 14, 1889, in Moritz, near Riesa; died Sept. 15, 1933, in the city of Gorky. German revolutionary. Joined the Communist Party of Germany in 1919.

In 1918-19, Hölz was chairman of the workers’ council in Falkenstein in central Germany. During the Kapp putsch of 1920, he led armed workers’ detachments in the Vogtland (central Germany), struggling against the reactionaries. Hölz’s activities were characterized by manifestations of anarchist tendencies. He was expelled from the ranks of the Communist Party for refusing to submit to its directives, but he rejoined it in 1922. He led fighting detachments that he had formed against the police and government troops during the March 1921 battles in central Germany. After the uprising in central Germany was suppressed, he was arrested, falsely accused of capital criminal acts, and sentenced to life imprisonment. As a result of the mass movement in defense of political prisoners, he was amnestied in 1928. He emigrated to the USSR in 1929.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Ot belogo kresta k krasnomu znameni. Moscow-Leningrad, 1930.
Zhizn’bor’ba. Leningrad, 1929.

REFERENCE

“Unter der roten Fahne.” In the collection Erinnerungen alter Genossen. Berlin, 1958. Pages 197-203.

V. D. KUL’BAKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Ian King discusses Kurt Tucholsky's contribution to Gebrauchslyrik rather narrowly in terms of his own definition of it (in an essay of 1928) as a 'party manifesto in rhyme'; whereas Rolf Selbmann brings out the contrast in attitude and style with which Tucholsky and Toller respectively, in their writings for Die Weltbiihne, treat the idealized political martyr Max Holz on the one hand and the palpable but obscure menace of Hitler on the other.