Max Jacob

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jacob, Max


Born July 11, 1876, in Quimper, in the department of Finistere; died Mar. 5, 1944, in a concentration camp at Drancy. French author.

Jacob first appeared in print in 1903. Closely associated with G. Apollinaire, P. Picasso, and G. Braque, he came forward in the decade before World War I as one of the advocates of “cubist poetry” and of cubism in painting. Jacob’s works influenced the surrealists: his book Poetic Art (1922) proclaimed nonrationalism and the rejection of plot, and his poems displayed religious motifs and fantastically vague forms, or “myths”; the poems are built on alliterations and puns, at times crossing over into meaninglessness (including “Central Laboratory,” 1921, and “Penitents in Pink Tights,” 1925). Jacob’s novels (Filibuth, or The Golden Watch, 1922, and Bouchaballe’s Land, 1923), as well as his works that are unique for their combination of prose and verse (St. Matorel, 1909, and The Defense ofTartuffe, 1919), are marked by the interplay of fantasy and grotesquely depicted bourgeois reality. Jacob, a Jew, died in the concentration camp where he was imprisoned by German fascists (Letters to Salacrou, published in 1957).


Derniers poèmes en vers et en prose. Paris [1961].
In Russian translation:
[Poetry], in la pishu tvoe imia, Svoboda. Moscow, 1968.


Istoriiafrantsuzskoiliteratury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Europe, 1958, April-May, nos. 348–49. (The issue is devoted to M. Jacob.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Billy isn't happy to see Max Jacob is mortified when he finds out that Liv is blackmailing Maya.
community, Max Jacob was recognized in his lifetime for his
His collection Comme un bruit de source, published by Gallimard, won the Max Jacob prize in 1999.
Consider his flanking of The Butcher, 2009, with two examples of Synthetic Cubism from 1914, Braque's oil Still Life with Pipe (Le quotidien du midi) and Picasso's spacey gouache Still Life with Glass and Deck of Cards (Homage to Max Jacob).
Which is simply being oneself and smiling Like Max Jacob in that
If one looks at poets/artists like Jean Cocteau, Max Jacob, William Blake or Pablo Picasso, it becomes clear that being a poet adds an extra, often somewhat esoteric dimension to other artistic expressions the poet might choose.
A: The first tome -- subtitled "Max Jacob" -- tells how the poet fell crazy in love with the young Spanish man [Picasso] and how he helped him in the most difficult period of his life.
Jabes's physical and temporal distance vis-a-vis the French and the American literary worlds which he would later frequent (Rosmarie Waldrop's memories of Jabes (21) are interspersed with the many transatlantic readings to which they travelled together), his residing in Cairo away from the artistic milieus of Paris and New York, and a conflicting judeo-francophone identity in predominantly Islamic and arabophone Egypt, are illustrated in a colorful letter he receives from Max Jacob. Around 1935, Jabes had informed Jacob of how he was unable to find what must have then been the 1923 edition of Le cornet a des in bookstores anywhere in Egypt.