Max Liebermann


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Liebermann, Max

 

Born July 20, 1847, in Berlin; died there Feb. 8, 1935. German painter and graphic artist.

Liebermann studied in Berlin from 1866 to 1868 and in Weimar from 1868 to 1872. He lived in Paris (1873–78), Munich (1878–84), and later Berlin. Liebermann was the founder of the Berlin Secession (1898–99). In 1897 he was made a professor at the Academy of Arts in Berlin (president, 1920; honorary president, 1932). He was persecuted by the fascists.

Influenced by G. Courbet, J. Israels, and M. Munkácsy, Liebermann continued in the tradition of German realism. In his early paintings he sympathetically and warmly depicted busy factory women, peasants, artisans, and fishermen. Directness of observation, careful depiction of light and air, and purity and richness of colors are combined with precise rendering of line and three-dimensional form (Women Plucking Geese, 1872; The Flax Spinners 1887—both in the National Gallery in Berlin). Beginning in the 1890’s, under the influence of impressionism, Liebermann often painted landscapes, concentrating a great deal of attention on light, movement, and overall painterly effects (Game of Polo in Jena Park, 1902–03, Kunsthalle, Hamburg). Liebermann is known for his advocacy of the realist art of the past.

WORKS

Gesammelte Schriften. Berlin, 1922.

REFERENCE

Scheffler, K. Max Liebermann. Wiesbaden, 1953.
References in periodicals archive ?
A small Boro party jetted out ahead of today's friendly clash with 1FC Heidenheim 1846 in the Max Liebermann Cup (KO 3pm) The manager has elected to take a starting XI plus a small group of subs rather than the full squad he has used in recent outings.
That same year the Prussian Academy announced it would no longer exhibit works by Jewish artists, leading its president, Max Liebermann, to resign his position.
Newmarket David Milnes Max Liebermann 8.15 Wolverhampton, nap John Ryan's charge won a jumpers' bumper at Southwell by a wide margin last month and has worked well on the Al Bahathri.
HEREFORD: 2.15 Max Liebermann, 2.45 Geordie Des Champs, 3.15 Bob Mahler, 3.45 Mrs Burbidge, 4.15 Bridane Rebel, 4.45 Scales.
Caption: Max Liebermann, Zwei Reiter am Strand nach links (Two Riders on the Beach to the Left), 1901, oil on canvas, 28 3/8 x 36 1/4.
Another work, Max Liebermann's "Two Riders on a Beach," was given back to heirs of David Friedmann, from whom the Nazis stole the work in 1938, the day after the Kristallnacht pogrom.
The first two, works by Henri Matisse and Max Liebermann, were handed over to their rightful owners' heirs in May.
In addition to the ceramic object itself and the historical paintings on everyday objects, a third element features references to Biblical stories and verses, sometimes through the art depicted (Andrea Della Robbia's Annunciation) and sometimes through a combination of the art and the object (a detail from Max Liebermann's Samson and Delilah on a home permanent box).
The pieces are by Henri Matisse, Max Liebermann and Carl Spitzweg.
Max Liebermann, Riders on the Beach (Reiter am Strand), which appears to be the work 7vvo Riders on the Beach by the same artist noted in the 1950 MFAA inventory at number '1930' (the number remains at present on the back of the painting); (44)
A HOARD of art found in Germany last year, some of which was apparently seized by the Nazis, included works ranging from Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and others dating back to the 16th century.
Max Liebermann and international modernism; an artist's career from empire to Third Reich.