Max Müller

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Müller, Max


(Friedrich Max Müller). Born Dec. 6, 1823, in Dessau; died Oct. 28, 1900, in Oxford. English philologist. Specialist in general linguistics, Indology, and mythology. Professor at Oxford University (1854–76).

Müller belonged to the naturalistic school of linguistics; however, unlike A. Schleicher, he regarded language not as a self-sufficient organism but only as a necessary function of the human organism. According to Müller, the development of language is in its growth, its natural development; linguistics, on the other hand, is a natural science. Even before the neogrammarians, Müller emphasized the importance of studying unwritten languages; he pointed out the leading role of living dialectal speech in language development.

Müller translated and published the Rig-Veda (6 vols., 1849–74) and edited the series The Sacred Books of the East (55 vols., 1879–1924).


History of the Ancient Sanskrit Literature. London, 1859.
In Russian translation:
Lektsii po nauke o iazyke. St. Petersburg, 1865.
Sravnitel’naia mifologiia. Moscow, 1863.
Nauka o iazyke, issues 1–2. Voronezh, 1868–70.


Chikobava, A. S. Problema iazyka kak predmeta iazykoznaniia. Moscow, 1959. Pages 51–61.
Müller, G. M. The Life and Letters of F. M. Müller, vols. 1–2. London, 1902.
References in periodicals archive ?
(16) Uno de los aportes mas notables de la Filologia comparada fue la reconstruccion del idioma comun a todas las lenguas indoeuropeas, para lo cual los filologos usaron el criterio de la Gramatica comparada, es decir, <<la comparacion de las formas gramaticales de las lenguas que se suponian congeneres, y su comparacion segun ciertas leyes que rigen las permutaciones foneticas de las letras>> Max Muller, La ciencia del lenguaje (Bogota: Negret Hermanos, 1960), 171.
The Essential Max Muller: On Language, Mythology, and Religion.
Das schlechteste Zeugnis erhalt uberraschenderweise Max Muller, Oxford, nicht allein von B.s Seite, sondern ganz allgemein.
Chesterton (109-10, 114-5), Andrew Lang (90, 109, et passim), and Max Muller (102), inter alia.
Australia nearly equalised in the 24th minute when Grant Schubert dribbled round Germany goalkeeper Christian Schulte and sent in a reverse hit but defender Max Muller blocked the ball.
Seed then explores the novel's scientific interests, particularly its development of Darwin's competitive model of evolutionary struggle and "racial displacement" (xxiii) and the application of Max Muller's evolutionary philology to broaden the Darwinian argument into the realm of societal and social development as well.
This is reminiscent of Max Muller (1861) flatly asserting, "The better, the shorter, the easier forms are constantly gaining the upper hand." Contemporary linguists, however, have found evidence to the contrary.
C'est souvent avec Friedrich Max Muller et son essai Mythologie comparee (1856) que l'on date le debut de l'etude moderne des mythes (voir Vernant 1974 ; Durand 1996 ; Doty 2000).
Max Muller's EGYPTIAN MYTHOLOGY (0486436748, $14.95) reprints the Egyptian section of the weighty MYTHOLOGY OF ALL RACES, V.
The author helps us understand Legge's long association with Max Muller, editor of The Sacred Books of the East (a work of 49 volumes by 20 scholars, and taking 32 years in production-1878-1910).
The unreliability and opacity of language was thus fully recognized by Victorian thinkers, who followed the concern of linguistic scientists such as Richard Trench and Max Muller with the fallibility of words for the communication of meaning.
Even Hegel and Max Muller thought that the real India existed only in the past, which emphasized what can be termed as a regressive view of Indian history, when it was thought that India's present had lost its contemporaneity for the West, so that whereas Europe carried on with its onward march of progress, modernity, and rationality, India was doomed to a past, however glorious -- a view sought to be buttressed by the cyclic conception of time in the Indian tradition.