Maxim


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Maxim: FHM

Maxim

(măk`sĭm), name of a family of inventors and munition makers. Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, 1840–1916, was born near Sangerville, Maine. After launching on a career of inventing, he moved to England and there invented (1884) the Maxim machine gun. Among his numerous other inventions were a smokeless powder, a delayed-action fuse, and an airplane. His arms company was consolidated (1896) with the Vickers firm. He became a British subject in 1900 and was knighted in 1901. His brother, Hudson Maxim, 1853–1927, was born in Orneville, Maine, and remained in the United States. A chemist, he developed numerous inventions, including a high explosive (maximite), smokeless powders (one of them stabilite), and a self-combustive compound to propel torpedoes (motorite). Hiram Percy Maxim, 1869–1936, son of Sir Hiram, was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., and remained in the United States. After graduation from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he held many positions as a mechanical engineer and created several inventions, among them an automobile. The most spectacular was the Maxim silencer for explosive weapons (1908), but perhaps more useful were silencers for gasoline engines and the like.

Maxim

 

a generalized, profound, laconic, and polished thought of a given author that expresses a rule of conduct or a basic logical or ethical principle by which people may be guided in their actions; for example: “When in doubt, come to the truth” (Cicero); “Avoid everything your conscience does not approve” (L. N. Tolstoy). Later on, the term “maxim” was understood in a broader sense and came to mean any wise saying.

The maxims of the French moralist writers La Rochefoucauld (Memoirs and Maxims; Russian translation, 1971), La Bruyere (Characters, or The Mores of the Present Age; Russian translation, 1964), and Vauvenargues (Complete Collected Works [in Russian], vol. 2, 1968), and the German thinkers J. W. Goethe (Maxims and Reflections, 1953) and G. K. Lichtenberg (Aphorisms; Russian translation, 1965), all represent a brilliant form of philosophical statement.

Many maxims are contained in the notebooks of the Russian historian V. O. Kliuchevskii (Letters, Diaries, Aphorisms and Thoughts About History, 1968). Parodic maxims, at times concealing practical wisdom under a mask of irony, were created by Koz’ma Prutkov (Complete Collected Works, 1965). Well-known contemporary maxims include those of the Polish writer S. J. Lec (Unkempt Thoughts, 1968) and the Soviet writer Emil’ Krotkii (Excerpts From an Unwritten Work, 1966).

REFERENCES

Wilpert, G. Sachwörterbuch der Literatur, 4th ed. Stuttgart, 1964.
Encyclopédic Internationale “Focus,” vol. 3. Paris, 1964. Page 2179.

A. I. FIURSTENBERG

maxim

a brief expression of a general truth, principle, or rule of conduct

Maxim

Sir Hiram Stevens. 1840--1916, British inventor of the first automatic machine gun (1884), born in the US
References in periodicals archive ?
As part of the transaction, the companies signed a long-term supply agreement of 15 years, under which TowerJazz will manufacture products for Maxim in the San Antonio facility, in quantities which will allow for a gradual ramp of third party products.
"Allied Glass chose Maxim based on its great location and first rate accommodation," said Craig Ritchie of Broadoak Asset Management, which is the asset manager for Maxim Office Park.
The business now employs seven people and produces one million pints a year, across beers such as Double Maxim, Samson, Wards and Lambtons, as well as the 4.2% IPA style Swedish Blonde and Maximus.
Maxim Hypotonic Sports Drink offers three great flavored powders that contain a unique and proprietary blend of European carbohydrates (maltodextrin) and a variety of essential vitamins and electrolytes.
Born in 1974, Maxim began his career as a solo violinist at the age of five, winning the Wieniawski and Carl Flesch international competitions at ten and 15 years old respectively.
He claimed that Maxim is a member at a health club in San George and attends it on a regular basis.
As a magazine, Maxim is proud to be best thing to have happened to men since women offering information, advice and tips on everything ranging from the latest gadgets and gizmos to food and alcohol and fashion and fitness along with a true Maxim woman on the cover which for the month of May 2013 is Shruti Hsan..
The maxim of manner: The speaker needs to be brief and orderly, and avoid obscurity and ambiguity.
Divided into five parts, the book begins with part 1, "War and Peace" (maxims 1-10), an aptly named wide-aperture look at the nature of war and the relationship between war and peace.
In Grant Forest, the court pointed out the utility of the maxim ahead of specific performance in that the former had retroactive effect and the latter prospective effect.
12 October 2011 -- US investment banking and securities firm Maxim Group LLC said on Tuesday it had added five senior executives to its equity capital markets team.
The 40th anniversary of the enthronement of the head of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Maxim, was celebrated with a solemn liturgy at the St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia on July 3.