Maxim, Hiram Stevens

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maxim, Hiram Stevens


Born Feb. 5, 1840, in Sangerville, Me.; died Nov. 24, 1916, in Streatham, Great Britain. American designer and entrepreneur.

Maxim completed his elementary education and then worked as a master toolmaker at plants in Pittsburgh, Boston, and New York. In 1883 he developed his first automatic weapons: an automatic rifle, an automatic cannon, and a medium machine gun. In 1888, Maxim and T. Nordenfeldt, an English manufacturer, established a rapid-fire cannon plant in Germany. Maxim’s medium machine gun worked on the recoil principle; after refinements it was adopted by numerous armies and was in use up to World War II.


Markevich, V. E. Ruchnoe ognestrel’noe oruzhie, vol. 1. Leningrad, 1937.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.