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(Maksimalisty) a petit bourgeois group closely related to the anarchists. It emerged within the ranks of the Socialist Revolutionary (SR) Party in 1904 and was organizationally established as the Union of Socialist Revolutionary Maximalists at a conference in October 1906 in Åbo (Turku), Finland. M. I. Sokolov and V. V. Mazurin played prominent roles in creating the group.

Ignoring the bourgeois democratic stage of revolution, the Maximalists insisted on immediate implementation of the SR maximum program: simultaneous socialization of land, factories, and plants. The Maximalists gave the decisive role in a socialist overthrow to an “initiating minority,” a conspiratorial organization divorced from the masses. The “laboring peasantry” was considered to be the chief driving force of the overthrow. The Maximalists viewed individual terror (for example, the bombing of the dacha of P. A. Stolypin in St. Petersburg in 1906) and expropriation as the basic methods of fighting for the destruction of capitalism. By 1909 the Maximalists had become almost inactive. At a second conference in Moscow (October 1917) the Maximalists reestablished their organization and from Jan. 26 (Feb. 8), 1918, began to publish their press organ—the Maksimalist (first a newspaper and later a journal).

With the October Revolution of 1917 the Maximalists recognized Soviet power. Their representatives participated in the second through seventh All-Russian congresses of Soviets, joining the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and local Soviets. However, the Maximalists were extremely unstable in their politics: they did not recognize the dictatorship of the proletariat, denied the necessity of workers’ control and of centralization of national economic administration, and opposed the Brest peace with Germany. In the very first months of Soviet power the Maximalists took part in anti-Soviet insurrections (in Izhevsk in April 1918 and in Samara in May 1918). A split occurred among the Maximalists at their fifth conference (April 1919). Some of them openly adopted anti-Soviet positions; others, having recognized the program of the Bolsheviks, decided at the April 1920 conference to join the RCP (Bolshevik).


Lenin, V. I. “Eserovskie men’sheviki.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 13.
Sokolov, M. I. Sushchnost’ maksimalizma, 2nd ed. Petrograd, 1917.
Zadachi maksimalizma, issue 2. Moscow, 1918.
Zhukov, A. F. “Razoblachenie V. I. Leninym teorii i taktiki maksimalizma sotsialistov-revoliutsionerov.” In Idei Lenina zhivut i pobezhdaiut. [Leningrad] 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
Some maximalists say that agents will be committed to part actions in joint action.
The Tigers were many things, intransigent and efficient, disciplined and intolerant, hardworking and maximalist.
Predictably, whereas copyright minimalists object strenuously to this expansion, copyright maximalists support it.
The latter fact seems to provide support for the hypothesis that maximalists not only find it difficult to agree on opinions with minimalists, but also find it difficult, all other things being equal, to agree on opinions with other maximalists.
The fact is, however, the seeds of Palestinian division were planted during these years and Palestinians were compartmentalized -- between moderates, extremists, maximalists, minimalists, pragmatists, rejectionists and so on.
The fact is, however, the seeds of Palestinian division were planted during these years and Palestinians were compartmentalized - as moderates, extremists, maximalists, minimalists, pragmatists, rejectionists and so on.
Maximalists and minimalists have had merry jousts over the proposal's details.
Israel cannot be driven into the sea, as some Islamic maximalists may hope, and the Hezbollah and Palestinian "problems" cannot be made to dissipate through brute force, as some Israelis may wish.
As the referendum approached, longstanding splits between the minimalists and maximalists within the republican movement became significant.
4) The maximalists have argued that both Jewish history and Jewish law obligate Israel to retain control of Judea, Samaria, and the Gaza Strip.
The Israeli right pointed to the words of the fanatical maximalists and claimed that the balm offered in English and Hebrew belied the threats and exhortations offered in Arabic.
First, of the 24 providers categorized on the basis of their expressed support concerns, maximalists emerged as the largest group and minimalists the smallest group.

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