Maximalists


Also found in: Dictionary.

Maximalists

 

(Maksimalisty) a petit bourgeois group closely related to the anarchists. It emerged within the ranks of the Socialist Revolutionary (SR) Party in 1904 and was organizationally established as the Union of Socialist Revolutionary Maximalists at a conference in October 1906 in Åbo (Turku), Finland. M. I. Sokolov and V. V. Mazurin played prominent roles in creating the group.

Ignoring the bourgeois democratic stage of revolution, the Maximalists insisted on immediate implementation of the SR maximum program: simultaneous socialization of land, factories, and plants. The Maximalists gave the decisive role in a socialist overthrow to an “initiating minority,” a conspiratorial organization divorced from the masses. The “laboring peasantry” was considered to be the chief driving force of the overthrow. The Maximalists viewed individual terror (for example, the bombing of the dacha of P. A. Stolypin in St. Petersburg in 1906) and expropriation as the basic methods of fighting for the destruction of capitalism. By 1909 the Maximalists had become almost inactive. At a second conference in Moscow (October 1917) the Maximalists reestablished their organization and from Jan. 26 (Feb. 8), 1918, began to publish their press organ—the Maksimalist (first a newspaper and later a journal).

With the October Revolution of 1917 the Maximalists recognized Soviet power. Their representatives participated in the second through seventh All-Russian congresses of Soviets, joining the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and local Soviets. However, the Maximalists were extremely unstable in their politics: they did not recognize the dictatorship of the proletariat, denied the necessity of workers’ control and of centralization of national economic administration, and opposed the Brest peace with Germany. In the very first months of Soviet power the Maximalists took part in anti-Soviet insurrections (in Izhevsk in April 1918 and in Samara in May 1918). A split occurred among the Maximalists at their fifth conference (April 1919). Some of them openly adopted anti-Soviet positions; others, having recognized the program of the Bolsheviks, decided at the April 1920 conference to join the RCP (Bolshevik).

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. “Eserovskie men’sheviki.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 13.
Sokolov, M. I. Sushchnost’ maksimalizma, 2nd ed. Petrograd, 1917.
Zadachi maksimalizma, issue 2. Moscow, 1918.
Zhukov, A. F. “Razoblachenie V. I. Leninym teorii i taktiki maksimalizma sotsialistov-revoliutsionerov.” In Idei Lenina zhivut i pobezhdaiut. [Leningrad] 1970.

V. V. GARMIZA and A. F. ZHUKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
"There's a tiny collector within all of us, so whether you are a maximalist or minimalist, the collection helps in make it all look better!"
In The Bitcoin Standard, Ammous presents something of a Bitcoin Maximalist Bible: a guide, from an Austrian school of economics point of view, to the historical context of the now famous white paper written by the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto and to the economic characteristics of Bitcoin that make it so endearing to those who view it as sound money.
Some maximalists say that agents will be committed to part actions in joint action.
Predictably, whereas copyright minimalists object strenuously to this expansion, copyright maximalists support it.
(2) In contrast, he describes as "maximalists" those Justices who preferred to "set[] broad rules for the future" and "give[] ambitious theoretical justifications for outcomes." (3) In the Rehnquist Court, Sunstein argues, the conflict of minimalists against maximalists became "the most striking feature of American law in the 1990s." (4)
The fact is, however, the seeds of Palestinian division were planted during these years and Palestinians were compartmentalized -- between moderates, extremists, maximalists, minimalists, pragmatists, rejectionists and so on.
The fact is, however, the seeds of Palestinian division were planted during these years and Palestinians were compartmentalized - as moderates, extremists, maximalists, minimalists, pragmatists, rejectionists and so on.
Israel cannot be driven into the sea, as some Islamic maximalists may hope, and the Hezbollah and Palestinian "problems" cannot be made to dissipate through brute force, as some Israelis may wish.
The main scope of the conference and the collection of essays was the so-called "Copenhagen School of Old Testament Studies" and the minimalist-maximalist controversy that has for more than ten years been a battleground among Old Testament scholars interested in the history of ancient Israel, the minimalists on one side claiming that the Old Testament is primarily a book of stories, the maximalists that it is a book of history.
The debate since that war has taken place between two broad camps that may be called "territorial maximalists" and "territorial minimalists." The former, as their label suggests, have traditionally favored borders that encompass Eretz Israel -- that is, pre-1967 Israel, Judea, Samaria, and the Gaza Strip.
In politics, both in Israel and the Galut, several elements agree that the Jewish people must insist on its rights, as the maximalists define them, and not yield to the temptation to compromises.
What's made the difference is the patronage of Gary Todd's Organ of Corti label, in Malibu, California, which has also brought out the work of various minimalists and maximalists like Terry Riley, Derek Bailey, and the Los Angeles Free Music Society.

Full browser ?