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(Maksimalisty) a petit bourgeois group closely related to the anarchists. It emerged within the ranks of the Socialist Revolutionary (SR) Party in 1904 and was organizationally established as the Union of Socialist Revolutionary Maximalists at a conference in October 1906 in Åbo (Turku), Finland. M. I. Sokolov and V. V. Mazurin played prominent roles in creating the group.

Ignoring the bourgeois democratic stage of revolution, the Maximalists insisted on immediate implementation of the SR maximum program: simultaneous socialization of land, factories, and plants. The Maximalists gave the decisive role in a socialist overthrow to an “initiating minority,” a conspiratorial organization divorced from the masses. The “laboring peasantry” was considered to be the chief driving force of the overthrow. The Maximalists viewed individual terror (for example, the bombing of the dacha of P. A. Stolypin in St. Petersburg in 1906) and expropriation as the basic methods of fighting for the destruction of capitalism. By 1909 the Maximalists had become almost inactive. At a second conference in Moscow (October 1917) the Maximalists reestablished their organization and from Jan. 26 (Feb. 8), 1918, began to publish their press organ—the Maksimalist (first a newspaper and later a journal).

With the October Revolution of 1917 the Maximalists recognized Soviet power. Their representatives participated in the second through seventh All-Russian congresses of Soviets, joining the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and local Soviets. However, the Maximalists were extremely unstable in their politics: they did not recognize the dictatorship of the proletariat, denied the necessity of workers’ control and of centralization of national economic administration, and opposed the Brest peace with Germany. In the very first months of Soviet power the Maximalists took part in anti-Soviet insurrections (in Izhevsk in April 1918 and in Samara in May 1918). A split occurred among the Maximalists at their fifth conference (April 1919). Some of them openly adopted anti-Soviet positions; others, having recognized the program of the Bolsheviks, decided at the April 1920 conference to join the RCP (Bolshevik).


Lenin, V. I. “Eserovskie men’sheviki.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 13.
Sokolov, M. I. Sushchnost’ maksimalizma, 2nd ed. Petrograd, 1917.
Zadachi maksimalizma, issue 2. Moscow, 1918.
Zhukov, A. F. “Razoblachenie V. I. Leninym teorii i taktiki maksimalizma sotsialistov-revoliutsionerov.” In Idei Lenina zhivut i pobezhdaiut. [Leningrad] 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
Predictably, whereas copyright minimalists object strenuously to this expansion, copyright maximalists support it.
The latter fact seems to provide support for the hypothesis that maximalists not only find it difficult to agree on opinions with minimalists, but also find it difficult, all other things being equal, to agree on opinions with other maximalists.
He can allow the Likud maximalists to dictate policy, or he can make the bold bid for peace he has long promised.
In this cast, she's a minimalist among maximalists.
As the referendum approached, longstanding splits between the minimalists and maximalists within the republican movement became significant.
4) The maximalists have argued that both Jewish history and Jewish law obligate Israel to retain control of Judea, Samaria, and the Gaza Strip.
THERE'S plenty on offer for minimalists this season, but for maximalists there will always be print.
These days that argument is no longer parody; it's fast becoming the received wisdom of Second Amendment maximalists who haven't met an assault rifle they didn't like or a gun regulation they could tolerate.
Hoffmeier; Millard; Benjamin Scolnic, "A New Working Hypothesis for the Identification of Migdol"; Edwin Yamauchi, "Homer and Archaeology: Minimalists and Maximalists in Classical Context"; and to a lesser degree, Vaughan and Richard Hess, "Multiple-Month Ritual Calendars in the West Semitic World: Emar 446 and Leviticus 23").
Can he convince the public and Congress that soft-power solutions to blunt the threat of Islamist maximalists are also essential to long-term success against this amorphous, evolving threat?
Looking back, what we created appealed to minimalists and maximalists alike.
The main scope of the conference and the collection of essays was the so-called "Copenhagen School of Old Testament Studies" and the minimalist-maximalist controversy that has for more than ten years been a battleground among Old Testament scholars interested in the history of ancient Israel, the minimalists on one side claiming that the Old Testament is primarily a book of stories, the maximalists that it is a book of history.

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